ASP.NET Core&EntityFramework核心:左(外)加入Linq

asp.net-core entity-framework-core linq

我正在嘗試使用ASP.NET Core和EntityFramework Core在Linq中使用左連接。

兩個表的簡單情況:

    人(id,名字,姓氏)
    PersonDetails(id,PersonId,DetailText)

我嘗試查詢的數據是Person.id,Person.firstname,Person.lastname和PersonDetails.DetailText。有些人沒有DetailText,所以想要的結果是NULL。

在SQL中它工作正常


SELECT p.id, p.Firstname, p.Lastname, d.DetailText FROM Person p 
LEFT JOIN PersonDetails d on d.id = p.Id 
ORDER BY p.id ASC

結果如預期:


# | id | firstname | lastname | detailtext
1 | 1  | First1    | Last1    | details1
2 | 2  | First2    | Last2    | details2
3 | 3  | First3    | Last3    | NULL

在我的Web API控制器中我查詢:


[HttpGet]
public IActionResult Get()
{
    var result = from person in _dbContext.Person
                    join detail in _dbContext.PersonDetails on person.Id equals detail.PersonId
                    select new
                    {
                        id = person.Id,
                        firstname = person.Firstname,
                        lastname = person.Lastname,
                        detailText = detail.DetailText
                    };
   return Ok(result);
}

招搖的結果是缺少人3(沒有詳細文本的人)


[
  {
    "id": 1,
    "firstname": "First1",
    "lastname": "Last1",
    "detailText": "details1"
  },
  {
    "id": 2,
    "firstname": "First2",
    "lastname": "Last2",
    "detailText": "details2"
  }
]

我在Linq做錯了什麼?


更新1:

感謝您的答案和鏈接到目前為止。

我使用into.DefaultIfEmpty()複製並粘貼下面的代碼,經過一些進一步的閱讀後,我明白這應該有效。

不幸的是,事實並非如此。

首先,代碼開始拋出異常,但仍然返回前兩個結果(缺少NULL)。從輸出窗口復制粘貼:


System.NullReferenceException: Object reference not set to an instance of an object.
   at lambda_method(Closure , TransparentIdentifier`2 )
   at System.Linq.Enumerable.SelectEnumerableIterator`2.MoveNext()
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Query.Internal.LinqOperatorProvider.ExceptionInterceptor`1.EnumeratorExceptionInterceptor.MoveNext()
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.JsonSerializerInternalWriter.SerializeList(JsonWriter writer, IEnumerable values, JsonArrayContract contract, JsonProperty member, JsonContainerContract collectionContract, JsonProperty containerProperty)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.JsonSerializerInternalWriter.Serialize(JsonWriter jsonWriter, Object value, Type objectType)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.JsonSerializer.SerializeInternal(JsonWriter jsonWriter, Object value, Type objectType)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Formatters.JsonOutputFormatter.WriteObject(TextWriter writer, Object value)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Formatters.JsonOutputFormatter.d__9.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Internal.ControllerActionInvoker.d__32.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Internal.ControllerActionInvoker.d__31.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Internal.ControllerActionInvoker.d__29.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Internal.ControllerActionInvoker.d__23.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Internal.ControllerActionInvoker.d__18.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Builder.RouterMiddleware.d__4.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.ApplicationInsights.AspNetCore.ExceptionTrackingMiddleware.d__4.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.ApplicationInsights.AspNetCore.RequestTrackingMiddleware.d__4.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.IISIntegration.IISMiddleware.d__8.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting.Internal.RequestServicesContainerMiddleware.d__3.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.Kestrel.Internal.Http.Frame`1.d__2.MoveNext()
Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.Kestrel:Error: Connection id "0HKVGPV90QGE0": An unhandled exception was thrown by the application.

System.NullReferenceException: Object reference not set to an instance of an object.
   at lambda_method(Closure , TransparentIdentifier`2 )
   at System.Linq.Enumerable.SelectEnumerableIterator`2.MoveNext()
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Query.Internal.LinqOperatorProvider.ExceptionInterceptor`1.EnumeratorExceptionInterceptor.MoveNext()
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.JsonSerializerInternalWriter.SerializeList(JsonWriter writer, IEnumerable values, JsonArrayContract contract, JsonProperty member, JsonContainerContract collectionContract, JsonProperty containerProperty)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.JsonSerializerInternalWriter.Serialize(JsonWriter jsonWriter, Object value, Type objectType)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.JsonSerializer.SerializeInternal(JsonWriter jsonWriter, Object value, Type objectType)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Formatters.JsonOutputFormatter.WriteObject(TextWriter writer, Object value)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Formatters.JsonOutputFormatter.d__9.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Internal.ControllerActionInvoker.d__32.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Internal.ControllerActionInvoker.d__31.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Internal.ControllerActionInvoker.d__29.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Internal.ControllerActionInvoker.d__23.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Internal.ControllerActionInvoker.d__18.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Builder.RouterMiddleware.d__4.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.ApplicationInsights.AspNetCore.ExceptionTrackingMiddleware.d__4.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.ApplicationInsights.AspNetCore.RequestTrackingMiddleware.d__4.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.IISIntegration.IISMiddleware.d__8.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting.Internal.RequestServicesContainerMiddleware.d__3.MoveNext()
--- End of stack trace from previous location where exception was thrown ---
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.ThrowForNonSuccess(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.Kestrel.Internal.Http.Frame`1.d__2.MoveNext()

谷歌給了我一個: “LEFT OUTER JOIN PROBLEMS#4002”以及“Left outer join @ Stackoverflow”

現在我不確定這是否仍然存在或應該已經修復的錯誤。我正在使用EntityFramework Core RC2。


解決方案1:導航屬性

正如Gert Arnold在評論中指出的那樣:使用導航屬性

這意味著(工作)查詢看起來像


var result = from person in _dbContext.Person
             select new
             {
                id = person.Id,
                firstname = person.Firstname,
                lastname = person.Lastname,
                detailText = person.PersonDetails.Select(d => d.DetailText).SingleOrDefault()
            };

return Ok(result);

在我的PersonExampleDB中,我沒有正確設置外鍵,因此屬性PersonDetails不在scaffolded模型類中。但是使用它是最簡單的解決方案(並且工作甚至可以快速工作)而不是現在的連接(參見錯誤報告)。


當加入方式有效時,仍然對更新感到滿意。

一般承認的答案

如果你需要執行Left連接,那麼你必須使用intoDefaultIfEmpty() ,如下所示。

var result = from person in _dbContext.Person
             join detail in _dbContext.PersonDetails on person.Id equals detail.PersonId into Details
             from m in Details.DefaultIfEmpty()
               select new
                {
                    id = person.Id,
                    firstname = person.Firstname,
                    lastname = person.Lastname,
                    detailText = m.DetailText
                };

您可以了解更多信息: 在LINQ to Entities中左外連接


熱門答案

你沒有做左連接,你正在使用的linq基本上是創建一個內連接。對於linq中的左連接,請使用關鍵字

[HttpGet]
public IActionResult Get()
{
    var result = from person in _dbContext.Person
                    join detail in _dbContext.PersonDetails on person.Id equals detail.PersonId  
                    into Details
                    from defaultVal in Details.DefaultIfEmpty()
                    select new
                    {
                        id = person.Id,
                        firstname = person.Firstname,
                        lastname = person.Lastname,
                        detailText = defaultVal.DetailText
                    };
   return Ok(result);
}


Related

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不隸屬於 Stack Overflow
這個KB合法嗎? 是的,了解原因
許可下: CC-BY-SA with attribution
不隸屬於 Stack Overflow
這個KB合法嗎? 是的,了解原因