Connection Refused error on Postgres database creation using Npgsql Entity Framework Core

.net-core c# entity-framework-core npgsql postgresql


I am trying to create and use a PostgreSQL database with my .NET Core application. I'm using Entity Framework Core provided by Npgsql, and I'm going for the 'code-first' approach. However, when I try to generate the database (using either migrations or the "Database.EnsureCreated()" method) I always get the same error:

Npgsql.NpgsqlException (0x80004005): Exception while connecting ---> System.Net.Sockets.SocketException (10061): Connection refused.

I have tried both on Windows and Linux, and I've gotten the same result.

The packages I've added for my project are:

  • Npgsql.EntityFrameworkCore.PostgreSQL version 3.1.3
  • Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Design version 3.1.3

My project uses .NET Core 3.1

Here's my code:

using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;
using System;

namespace PostgresTest {
    class Program {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            Console.WriteLine("Hello World!");
    public class PeopleContext : DbContext {
        public DbSet<Person> People { get; set; }
        protected override void OnConfiguring(DbContextOptionsBuilder options)
            => options.UseNpgsql("Host=localhost;Database=postgres;Port=5432;Username=postgres;Password=12345678");
    public class Person {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public int Age { get; set; }

Edit: To be clear, when I use migrations, creating the migration itself succeeds, but I will still get the error mentioned above when I use the 'database update' command afterwards.

4/15/2020 4:48:07 AM

Accepted Answer

download PostgreSQL server from and update your connection string as per your configuration.
for more

4/15/2020 6:40:40 AM

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