ef-core nested table aggregate functions give "NavigationExpandingExpressionVisitor failed"

asp.net-core c# ef-core-3.1 entity-framework entity-framework-core

Question

I have a nested data model and I'd like to get aggregated data from it grouped by a top level property. My models for example:

public class Scan {
    public long Id {get; set;}
    public int ProjectId { get; set; }
    public int ScanUserId { get; set; }
    public ICollection<ScanItem>? Items { get; set; }
}

public class ScanItem
{
    public long Id { get; set; }
    public long InventoryScanId { get; set; }
    public double Qty { get; set; }
}

I'd like to get all Scans grouped by Scan.ScanUserId and then then get the sum of ScanItems.Qty for example per user. My query looks ike this and EF gives the following error:

Processing of the LINQ expression 'AsQueryable((Unhandled parameter: x).Items)' by 'NavigationExpandingExpressionVisitor' failed

from scan in Scans
        .Include(x=>x.ScanUser)
        .Include(x=>x.Items)
    group scan by new { scan.ScanUser.Name, scan.ScanUser.Id } into g
    select new
    {
        UserId = g.Key.Id,
        Name = g.Key.Name,
        LastSyncTime = g.Max(x => x.ScanDate),
        ScanItems = g.Sum(x=>x.Items.Sum(i=>i.Qty))
    }

How can I run aggregate functions on the properties of the nested table without evaluating it on the client side?

1
1
1/14/2020 1:54:15 PM

Accepted Answer

EF Core still can't translate nested aggregates on GroupBy result (grouping).

You have to pre calculate the nested aggregates in advance by utilizing the element selector of GroupBy (or element in query syntax group element by key):

from scan in Scans
group new { scan.ScanDate, Qty = scan.Items.Sum(i => i.Qty) } // <--
by new { scan.ScanUser.Name, scan.ScanUser.Id } into g
select new
{
    UserId = g.Key.Id,
    Name = g.Key.Name,
    LastSyncTime = g.Max(x => x.ScanDate),
    ScanItems = g.Sum(x => x.Qty) // <--
}

**Update: ** for SqlServer the above LINQ query translates to SQL query like this:

 SELECT [s1].[Id] AS [UserId], [s1].[Name], MAX([s0].[ScanDate]) AS [LastSyncTime], SUM((
      SELECT SUM([s].[Qty])
      FROM [ScanItem] AS [s]
      WHERE [s0].[Id] = [s].[InventoryScanId])) AS [ScanItems]
  FROM [Scan] AS [s0]
  INNER JOIN [ScanUser] AS [s1] ON [s0].[ScanUserId] = [s1].[Id]
  GROUP BY [s1].[Name], [s1].[Id]

which as mentioned in the comment generates SQL execution exception "Cannot perform an aggregate function on an expression containing an aggregate or a subquery.".

So you really need another approach - use left join to flatten the result set before grouping, and then perform the grouping / aggregates on that set:

from scan in Scans
from item in scan.Items.DefaultIfEmpty() // <-- left outer join
group new { scan, item } by new { scan.ScanUser.Name, scan.ScanUser.Id } into g
select new
{
    UserId = g.Key.Id,
    Name = g.Key.Name,
    LastSyncTime = g.Max(x => x.scan.ScanDate),
    ScanItems = g.Sum(x => (double?)x.item.Qty) ?? 0
};

which now translates to hopefully valid SqlServer SQL query:

  SELECT [s1].[Id] AS [UserId], [s1].[Name], MAX([s].[ScanDate]) AS [LastSyncTime], COALESCE(SUM([s0].[Qty]), 0.0E0) AS [ScanItems]
  FROM [Scan] AS [s]
  LEFT JOIN [ScanItem] AS [s0] ON [s].[Id] = [s0].[InventoryScanId]
  INNER JOIN [ScanUser] AS [s1] ON [s].[ScanUserId] = [s1].[Id]
  GROUP BY [s1].[Name], [s1].[Id]
3
1/14/2020 3:26:03 PM


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