EF Core There is already an object named 'AspNetRoles' in the database

asp.net-core asp.net-identity c# entity-framework entity-framework-core

Question

I am receiving There is already an object named AspNetRoles in the database. error while attempting to use update-database command in NuGet console.

Context:

public class ApplicationDbContext : IdentityDbContext<IdentityUser>
{
    public ApplicationDbContext(DbContextOptions<ApplicationDbContext> options) : base(options) { }


    public DbSet<Customer> Customers { get; set; }
}

Startup:

public class Startup
    {
        public Startup(IConfiguration configuration)
        {
            Configuration = configuration;
        }

        public IConfiguration Configuration { get; }

        // This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to add services to the container.
        public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
        {
            services.AddDbContext<ApplicationDbContext>(options =>
                options.UseSqlServer(Configuration.GetConnectionString("DefaultConnection"),
                b => b.MigrationsAssembly("DroneDeliveryWebApi")));

            // add identity
            var builder = services.AddIdentityCore<AppUser>(o =>
            {
                // configure identity options
                o.Password.RequireDigit = false;
                o.Password.RequireLowercase = false;
                o.Password.RequireUppercase = false;
                o.Password.RequireNonAlphanumeric = false;
                o.Password.RequiredLength = 6;
            });
            builder = new IdentityBuilder(builder.UserType, typeof(IdentityRole), builder.Services);
            builder.AddEntityFrameworkStores<ApplicationDbContext>().AddDefaultTokenProviders();

            services.AddMvc();
        }

        // This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to configure the HTTP request pipeline.
        public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IHostingEnvironment env)
        {
            if (env.IsDevelopment())
            {
                app.UseDeveloperExceptionPage();
            }

            app.UseMvc();
        }
    }

appsetting.json:

{
  "ConnectionStrings": {
    "DefaultConnection": "Server=(localdb)\\mssqllocaldb;Database=DroneDeliverydb;Trusted_Connection=True;MultipleActiveResultSets=true"
  },
  "Logging": {
    "IncludeScopes": false,
    "Debug": {
      "LogLevel": {
        "Default": "Warning"
      }
    },
    "Console": {
      "LogLevel": {
        "Default": "Warning"
      }
    },
    "JwtIssuerOptions": {
      "Issuer": "DroneDeliveryWebApi",
      "Audience": "http://localhost:5000/"
    }
  }
}

appsetting.Development.json:

{
  "Logging": {
    "IncludeScopes": false,
    "LogLevel": {
      "Default": "Debug",
      "System": "Information",
      "Microsoft": "Information"
    }
  },

  "JwtIssuerOptions": {
    "Issuer": "DroneDeliveryWebApi",
    "Audience": "http://localhost:5000/"
  }
} 

Customer:

public class Customer
{
    public int Id { get; set; }
    public string IdentityId { get; set; }
    public AppUser Identity { get; set; }
    public string Location { get; set; }
    public string Locale { get; set; }
    public string Gender { get; set; }
}

Database:
enter image description here

Error:

PM> update-database
Applying migration '20190407181929_initial'.
Failed executing DbCommand (2ms) [Parameters=[], CommandType='Text', CommandTimeout='30']
CREATE TABLE [AspNetRoles] (
    [Id] nvarchar(450) NOT NULL,
    [ConcurrencyStamp] nvarchar(max) NULL,
    [Name] nvarchar(256) NULL,
    [NormalizedName] nvarchar(256) NULL,
    CONSTRAINT [PK_AspNetRoles] PRIMARY KEY ([Id])
);
fail: Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Database.Command[20102]
      Failed executing DbCommand (2ms) [Parameters=[], CommandType='Text', CommandTimeout='30']
      CREATE TABLE [AspNetRoles] (
          [Id] nvarchar(450) NOT NULL,
          [ConcurrencyStamp] nvarchar(max) NULL,
          [Name] nvarchar(256) NULL,
          [NormalizedName] nvarchar(256) NULL,
          CONSTRAINT [PK_AspNetRoles] PRIMARY KEY ([Id])
      );
System.Data.SqlClient.SqlException (0x80131904): There is already an object named 'AspNetRoles' in the database.
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection.OnError(SqlException exception, Boolean breakConnection, Action`1 wrapCloseInAction)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlInternalConnection.OnError(SqlException exception, Boolean breakConnection, Action`1 wrapCloseInAction)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.TdsParser.ThrowExceptionAndWarning(TdsParserStateObject stateObj, Boolean callerHasConnectionLock, Boolean asyncClose)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.TdsParser.TryRun(RunBehavior runBehavior, SqlCommand cmdHandler, SqlDataReader dataStream, BulkCopySimpleResultSet bulkCopyHandler, TdsParserStateObject stateObj, Boolean& dataReady)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.RunExecuteNonQueryTds(String methodName, Boolean async, Int32 timeout, Boolean asyncWrite)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.InternalExecuteNonQuery(TaskCompletionSource`1 completion, Boolean sendToPipe, Int32 timeout, Boolean asyncWrite, String methodName)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.ExecuteNonQuery()
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Storage.Internal.RelationalCommand.Execute(IRelationalConnection connection, DbCommandMethod executeMethod, IReadOnlyDictionary`2 parameterValues)
ClientConnectionId:e40d4c0a-f6df-498d-a92b-06c3711b5106
Error Number:2714,State:6,Class:16
System.Data.SqlClient.SqlException (0x80131904): There is already an object named 'AspNetRoles' in the database.
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection.OnError(SqlException exception, Boolean breakConnection, Action`1 wrapCloseInAction)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlInternalConnection.OnError(SqlException exception, Boolean breakConnection, Action`1 wrapCloseInAction)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.TdsParser.ThrowExceptionAndWarning(TdsParserStateObject stateObj, Boolean callerHasConnectionLock, Boolean asyncClose)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.TdsParser.TryRun(RunBehavior runBehavior, SqlCommand cmdHandler, SqlDataReader dataStream, BulkCopySimpleResultSet bulkCopyHandler, TdsParserStateObject stateObj, Boolean& dataReady)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.RunExecuteNonQueryTds(String methodName, Boolean async, Int32 timeout, Boolean asyncWrite)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.InternalExecuteNonQuery(TaskCompletionSource`1 completion, Boolean sendToPipe, Int32 timeout, Boolean asyncWrite, String methodName)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.ExecuteNonQuery()
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Storage.Internal.RelationalCommand.Execute(IRelationalConnection connection, DbCommandMethod executeMethod, IReadOnlyDictionary`2 parameterValues)
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Storage.Internal.RelationalCommand.ExecuteNonQuery(IRelationalConnection connection, IReadOnlyDictionary`2 parameterValues)
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Migrations.MigrationCommand.ExecuteNonQuery(IRelationalConnection connection, IReadOnlyDictionary`2 parameterValues)
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Migrations.Internal.MigrationCommandExecutor.ExecuteNonQuery(IEnumerable`1 migrationCommands, IRelationalConnection connection)
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Migrations.Internal.Migrator.Migrate(String targetMigration)
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Design.Internal.MigrationsOperations.UpdateDatabase(String targetMigration, String contextType)
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Design.OperationExecutor.UpdateDatabase.<>c__DisplayClass0_1.<.ctor>b__0()
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Design.OperationExecutor.OperationBase.Execute(Action action)
ClientConnectionId:e40d4c0a-f6df-498d-a92b-06c3711b5106
Error Number:2714,State:6,Class:16
There is already an object named 'AspNetRoles' in the database.

You can ask me for any additional information

1
3
4/7/2019 7:17:32 PM

Accepted Answer

For those who struggle the same way as me.
The solution is to paste the exact Connection String of your database in appsettings.json and in appsettings.Development.json. Thus all authorization tables will be created.
enter image description here
But the error will keep appearing every time you run 'update-database' and no changes will be applied. Accordingly you can comment the content of Up method in the migration where all authorization tables are created.

 public partial class initial : Migration
    {
        protected override void Up(MigrationBuilder migrationBuilder)
        {
            //migrationBuilder.CreateTable(
            //    name: "AspNetRoles",
            //    columns: table => new
            //    {
            //        Id = table.Column<string>(nullable: false),
            //        ConcurrencyStamp = table.Column<string>(nullable: true),
            //        Name = table.Column<string>(maxLength: 256, nullable: true),
            //        NormalizedName = table.Column<string>(maxLength: 256, nullable: true)
            //    },
            //    constraints: table =>
            //    {
            //        table.PrimaryKey("PK_AspNetRoles", x => x.Id);
            //    });
            //
            //    ...
        }
    }

After these changes you will have the tables created and no errors will occur.

1
4/7/2019 7:20:04 PM

Popular Answer

It looks like we have to drop the database anytime we see this error.

However, there is a way to keep the data while recreating the database:

Using SQL Server Management Studio, we can go to Task -> Generate Scripts, then in the "Set Scripting Options" window to back up the data, we should set the type of data to be backed up to "Data Only".

Set the type of data to data only

Then drop the database, issue Update-Database command, and restore the data by running the generated script;



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