How can I query the foreign key objects using Entity Framework?

c# entity-framework entity-framework-6 sql-server

Question

I am trying to learn about Entity Framework 6, and I am running into an issue, that I have been able to reproduce in a test project:

A Movie has a Nameand a Revenue. A Revenue has a GrossIncome:

public class Movie
{
        [Key]
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public Revenue Revenue { get; set; }
}

public class Revenue
{
        [Key]
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public double GrossIncome { get; set; }
}

I am trying to use EF6 code-first to persist some data about movies in the database:

public class MovieContext: DbContext
{
    public MovieContext(): base("name=testDB") { }
    public DbSet<Movie> Movies { get; set; }
    public DbSet<Revenue> Revenues { get; set; }
}

I start by inserting a new movie, with its associated revenue in the DB:

using (var context = new MovieContext())
{
    Revenue revenue = new Revenue()
                {
                    GrossIncome = 10
                };
    Movie movie = new Movie()
                {
                    Name = "foo",
                    Revenue = revenue
                };

    context.Movies.Add(movie);
    context.SaveChanges();
}

I can see in SQL Server that the tables are created, and that a Movies.Revenue_Id column has been created, with a foreign key relationship to Revenue.Id.

If I try to query it using SQL, it works fine:

SELECT Movies.Name, Revenues.GrossIncome
FROM Movies
LEFT JOIN Revenues ON Movies.Revenue_Id = Revenues.Id

returns

Name    GrossIncome
----------------------
foo         10

However, if I try to use Entity Framework to query the data:

using (var context = new MovieContext())
{
    List<Movie> movieList = context.Movies.ToList();
    Console.WriteLine("Movie Name: " + movieList[0].Name);

    if (movieList[0].Revenue == null)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Revenue is null!");
    }
    else
    {
        Console.WriteLine(movieList[0].Revenue.GrossIncome);
    }

    Console.ReadLine();
}

The console reads:

Movie Name: foo     <- It shows that the query works, and that the data in the main table is fetched.
Revenue is null!    <- Even though the data in the DB is correct, EF does not read the data from the foreign key.

My question is simple: what am I doing wrong? How are the foreign key values supposed to be read?

1
2
2/7/2019 5:20:41 PM

Accepted Answer

Just include the child entity you want to load:

using (var context = new MovieContext())
{
    List<Movie> movieList = context.Movies
                                   .Include(m => m.Revenue)   // ADD THIS INCLUDE
                                   .ToList();
    Console.WriteLine("Movie Name: " + movieList[0].Name);

    if (movieList[0].Revenue == null)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Revenue is null!");
    }
    else
    {
        Console.WriteLine(movieList[0].Revenue.GrossIncome);
    }

    Console.ReadLine();
}

This will load the movies - and also make sure that all the references to their respective .Revenue references have been loaded, too.

2
2/7/2019 5:21:33 PM


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