Mocking EF core dbcontext and dbset

asp.net-core c# entity-framework-core moq unit-testing

Question

I am using ASP.NET Core 2.2, EF Core and MOQ. When I run the test I am getting this error:

Message: System.NotSupportedException : Invalid setup on a non-virtual (overridable in VB) member: x => x.Movies

What I am doing wrong?

public class MovieRepositoryTest
{
    private readonly MovieRepository _sut;

    public MovieRepositoryTest()
    {
        var moviesMock = CreateDbSetMock(GetFakeListOfMovies());
        var mockDbContext = new Mock<MovieDbContext>();
        mockDbContext.Setup(x => x.Movies).Returns(moviesMock.Object);
        _sut = new MovieRepository(mockDbContext.Object);
    }

    [Fact]
    public void GetAll_WhenCalled_ReturnsAllItems()
    {
        //Act
        var items = _sut.GetAll();

        //Assert
        Assert.Equal(3, items.Count());
    }

    private IEnumerable<Movie> GetFakeListOfMovies()
    {
        var movies = new List<Movie>
        {
            new Movie {Id = 1, Title = "Movie 1", YearOfRelease = 2018, Genre = "Action"},
            new Movie {Id = 2, Title = "Movie 2", YearOfRelease = 2018, Genre = "Action"},
            new Movie {Id = 3, Title = "Movie 3", YearOfRelease = 2019, Genre = "Action"}
        };

        return movies;
    }

    private static Mock<DbSet<T>> CreateDbSetMock<T>(IEnumerable<T> elements) where T : class
    {
        var elementsAsQueryable = elements.AsQueryable();
        var dbSetMock = new Mock<DbSet<T>>();

        dbSetMock.As<IQueryable<T>>().Setup(m => m.Provider).Returns(elementsAsQueryable.Provider);
        dbSetMock.As<IQueryable<T>>().Setup(m => m.Expression).Returns(elementsAsQueryable.Expression);
        dbSetMock.As<IQueryable<T>>().Setup(m => m.ElementType).Returns(elementsAsQueryable.ElementType);
        dbSetMock.As<IQueryable<T>>().Setup(m => m.GetEnumerator()).Returns(elementsAsQueryable.GetEnumerator());

        return dbSetMock;
    }
  }

And this is my DB Context, with the Movie dbSet:

public class MovieDbContext: DbContext
{
    public MovieDbContext(DbContextOptions<MovieDbContext> options) : base(options)
    {

    }

    public DbSet<Movie> Movies { get; set; }
}

And the Repository with the method GetAll to be tested:

 public class MovieRepository: IMovieRepository
{
    private readonly MovieDbContext _moviesDbContext;
    public MovieRepository(MovieDbContext moviesDbContext)
    {
        _moviesDbContext = moviesDbContext;
    }

    public IEnumerable<Movie> GetAll()
    {
        return _moviesDbContext.Movies;
    }
}
1
10
1/16/2019 3:28:27 PM

Accepted Answer

I see you are using EF core DbContext in your MovieRepository. So instead of using mock, Using EF Core InMemory database will be a great option for you. This will also reduce the complexity.

Write your GetAllTest() method as follows:

[Fact]
public void GetAllTest()
{
        var options = new DbContextOptionsBuilder<MovieDbContext>()
            .UseInMemoryDatabase(databaseName: "MovieListDatabase")
            .Options;

        // Insert seed data into the database using one instance of the context
        using (var context = new MovieDbContext(options))
        {
            context.Movies.Add(new Movie {Id = 1, Title = "Movie 1", YearOfRelease = 2018, Genre = "Action"});
            context.Movies.Add(new Movie {Id = 2, Title = "Movie 2", YearOfRelease = 2018, Genre = "Action"});
            context.Movies.Add(nnew Movie {Id = 3, Title = "Movie 3", YearOfRelease = 2019, Genre = "Action"});
            context.SaveChanges();
        }

        // Use a clean instance of the context to run the test
        using (var context = new MovieDbContext(options))
        {
            MovieRepository movieRepository = new MovieRepository(context);
            List<Movies> movies == movieRepository.GetAll()

            Assert.Equal(3, movies.Count);
        }
}

Note: Don't forget to install Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.InMemory nuget package as follows:

Install-Package Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.InMemory

For more details: Testing with InMemory

37
1/16/2019 3:21:57 PM

Popular Answer

To save your time, try to use my Moq/NSubstitute extension MockQueryable: https://github.com/romantitov/MockQueryable supported all Sync/Async operations

//1 - create a List<T> with test items
var users = new List<UserEntity>()
{
 new UserEntity,
 ...
};

//2 - build mock by extension
var mock = users.AsQueryable().BuildMock();

//3 - setup the mock as Queryable for Moq
_userRepository.Setup(x => x.GetQueryable()).Returns(mock.Object);

//3 - setup the mock as Queryable for NSubstitute
_userRepository.GetQueryable().Returns(mock);

DbSet also supported

//2 - build mock by extension
var mock = users.AsQueryable().BuildMockDbSet();

//3 - setup DbSet for Moq
var userRepository = new TestDbSetRepository(mock.Object);

//3 - setup DbSet for NSubstitute
var userRepository = new TestDbSetRepository(mock);

Note:

  • AutoMapper supported from 1.0.4 ver
  • DbQuery supported from 1.1.0 ver
  • EF Core 3.0 supported from 3.0.0 ver


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