EF Core: how do I configure mySql for Linux, and localDB for Windows?

asp.net-core c# entity-framework-core


I have a simple ASP.Net Core/Entity Framework Core project that uses LocalDB. It compiles and runs fine on Windows.

I would like to build and run the same project on Windows and Linux. But LocalDB isn't supported on Linux. So I need to configure the project to use mySql instead - but only for Linux.

Q: How do I configure my project so that I can use LocalDB on Windows, but mySql on Linux?

This is what I've tried so far:

  1. Created an empty mySql database and granted access to a mySql user.

  2. Created a mySql connection string in appsettings.json:

      "ConnectionStrings": {
      "DefaultConnection": "Server=(LocalDb)\\MSSQLLocalDB;Database=ManageCarDB;Trusted_Connection=True;MultipleActiveResultSets=true",
      "mySqlConnection": "Server=localhost;port=3306;database=ManageCarDb;uid=dotnetuser;password=dotnetuser"
    <= I've defined two different connection strings: one for LocalDB, one for MySql
  3. Updated Startup.cs:

    public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
        string env = System.Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("ASPNETCORE_ENVIRONMENT");
        string connectionString;
        if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(env) && env.Equals("Linux"))
           connectionString = Configuration.GetConnectionString("mySqlConnection");
            services.AddDbContext<ApplicationDbContext>(options =>
            connectionString = Configuration.GetConnectionString("DefaultConnection");
            services.AddDbContext<ApplicationDbContext>(options =>

    <= Startup will conditionally call either MySql connection string/MySQL data provider, or default/LocalDB

  4. On Linux:

    1. deleted all binaries
    2. dotnet restore
    3. dotnet ef migrations add newMigration -c ApplicationDbContext -v

    <= This all worked OK

  5. Tried to update the database:

    dotnet ef database update

    <= ERROR: Table 'ManageCarDb.__EFMigrationsHistory' doesn't exist

Q: Given that I'd like one project for both EF environments, am I taking the correct steps?

Or should I taking a different approach?

11/30/2018 5:24:22 PM

Accepted Answer

You should use `Pomelo.EntityFrameworkCore.MySql instead of MySql library from Oracle.

I use Pomelo.EntityFrameworkCore.MySql and it works well in my project.

MySql library from Oracle is not supporting migration as I did try. This library is facing several issues

Note: I am finding a link that talks about this problem for Oracle's site

Error: The method or operation is not implemented. while scaffolding MYSQL Database


11/28/2018 4:07:04 AM

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