how to apply common configuration to all entities in ef core

c# entity-framework-core

Question

I have entities derived from a base entity in my application which uses ef core code-first approach.

Base class

public abstract class BaseEntity<T> : IEntity<T>
{
    [Key]
    [DatabaseGenerated(DatabaseGeneratedOption.Identity)]
    public T Id { get; set; }

    object IEntity.Id { get { return Id; } set { } }

    private DateTime? createdOn;
    [DataType(DataType.DateTime)]
    public DateTime CreatedOn { get => createdOn ?? DateTime.Now; set => createdOn = value; }

    [DataType(DataType.DateTime)]
    public DateTime? ModifiedOn { get; set; }

    public bool IsDeleted { get; set; }
    // Auto increment for all entities.
    public int OrderId { get; set; }
}

And an entity

public class UserEntity : BaseEntity<int>
{
    public string EmployeeId { get; set; }
    public string FullName { get; set; }
    public string Email { get; set; }
}

I can apply the .ValueGeneratedOnAdd() method on property OrderId in OnModelCreating for each entity however, is there a way to apply a general rule for all entities without repeatig yourself?

1
5
11/13/2018 7:05:22 AM

Accepted Answer

With the lack of custom conventions, you could use the typical modelBuilder.Model.GetEntityTypes() loop, identify the target entity types and invoke common configuration.

Identification in your case is a bit complicated because of the base generic class, but doable by iterating down Type.BaseType and check for BaseEntity<>. Once you find it, you can retrieve the generic argument T which you'll need later.

If you don't want to use generic class implementing IEnityTypeConfiguration<TEntity>, then the idea is to put the implementation in generic constrained method like this

static void Configure<TEntity, T>(ModelBuilder modelBuilder)
    where TEntity : BaseEntity<T>
{
    modelBuilder.Entity<TEntity>(builder =>
    {
        builder.Property(e => e.OrderId).ValueGeneratedOnAdd();
    });
}

Passing the actual entity type TEntity to modelBuilder.Enity method is crucial, because otherwise EF Core will consider whatever you pass to be an entity type and configure TPH inheritance.

Calling the method requires reflection - finding the generic method definition, using MakeGenericMethod and then Invoke.

Here is all that encapsulated in a static class:

public static class BaseEntityConfiguration
{
    static void Configure<TEntity, T>(ModelBuilder modelBuilder)
        where TEntity : BaseEntity<T>
    {
        modelBuilder.Entity<TEntity>(builder =>
        {
            builder.Property(e => e.OrderId).ValueGeneratedOnAdd();
        });
    }

    public static ModelBuilder ApplyBaseEntityConfiguration(this ModelBuilder modelBuilder)
    {
        var method = typeof(BaseEntityConfiguration).GetTypeInfo().DeclaredMethods
            .Single(m => m.Name == nameof(Configure));
        foreach (var entityType in modelBuilder.Model.GetEntityTypes())
        {
            if (entityType.ClrType.IsBaseEntity(out var T))
                method.MakeGenericMethod(entityType.ClrType, T).Invoke(null, new[] { modelBuilder });
        }
        return modelBuilder;
    }

    static bool IsBaseEntity(this Type type, out Type T)
    {
        for (var baseType = type.BaseType; baseType != null; baseType = baseType.BaseType)
        {
            if (baseType.IsGenericType && baseType.GetGenericTypeDefinition() == typeof(BaseEntity<>))
            {
                T = baseType.GetGenericArguments()[0];
                return true;
            }
        }
        T = null;
        return false;
    }
}

Now all you need is to call it from inside your OnModelCreating override:

modelBuilder.ApplyBaseEntityConfiguration();
10
11/15/2018 7:18:12 PM

Popular Answer

In EF6 you can use:

modelBuilder.Properties<int>().Where(p=>p.Name == "OrderId").Configure(c => c.HasDatabaseGeneratedOption(DatabaseGeneratedOption.Identity));


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