.NET Core 2.1 Identity get all users with their associated roles

asp.net-core asp.net-core-identity c# entity-framework-core mysql

Question

I'm trying to pull out all my Identity users and their associated roles for a user management admin page. I thought this would be reasonably easy but apparently not. I've tried following the following solution: https://stackoverflow.com/a/43562544/5392786 but it hasn't worked out so far.

Here is what I have so far:

ApplicationUser:

public class ApplicationUser : IdentityUser
{
    public List<IdentityUserRole<string>> Roles { get; set; }
}

DBContext

public class ApplicationDbContext : IdentityDbContext<ApplicationUser>
{
    public ApplicationDbContext(DbContextOptions<ApplicationDbContext> options)
        : base(options)
    {
    }
}

Startup Identity code

services.AddIdentity<ApplicationUser, IdentityRole>(options => options.Stores.MaxLengthForKeys = 128)
            .AddEntityFrameworkStores<ApplicationDbContext>()
            .AddDefaultTokenProviders();

Razor Page where I want to display the list:

public class IndexModel : PageModel
{
    private readonly UserManager<ApplicationUser> userManager;

    public IndexModel(UserManager<ApplicationUser> userManager)
    {
        this.userManager = userManager;
    }

    public IEnumerable<ApplicationUser> Users { get; set; }

    public void OnGetAsync()
    {
        this.Users = userManager.Users.Include(u => u.Roles).ToList();
    }
}

I get the following error when calling userManager.Users.Include(u => u.Roles).ToList();:

MySql.Data.MySqlClient.MySqlException: 'Unknown column 'u.Roles.ApplicationUserId' in 'field list''

Accepted Answer

I have now implemented the following solution.

As CodeNotFound pointed out in the comments, IdentityUser used to have a Roles property. This is no longer the case in .NET Core. This comment/issue on GitHub seems to be the current solution for .Net Core. I have attempted to implemented it with the following code:

ApplicationUser

public class ApplicationUser : IdentityUser
{
    public ICollection<ApplicationUserRole> UserRoles { get; set; }
}

ApplicationUserRole

public class ApplicationUserRole : IdentityUserRole<string>
{
    public virtual ApplicationUser User { get; set; }
    public virtual ApplicationRole Role { get; set; }
}

ApplicationRole

public class ApplicationRole : IdentityRole
{
    public ICollection<ApplicationUserRole> UserRoles { get; set; }
}

DBContext

public class ApplicationDbContext
    : IdentityDbContext<ApplicationUser, ApplicationRole, string, IdentityUserClaim<string>,
    ApplicationUserRole, IdentityUserLogin<string>,
    IdentityRoleClaim<string>, IdentityUserToken<string>>
{
    public ApplicationDbContext(DbContextOptions<ApplicationDbContext> options)
        : base(options)
    {
    }

    protected override void OnModelCreating(ModelBuilder builder)
    {
        base.OnModelCreating(builder);

        builder.Entity<ApplicationUserRole>(userRole =>
        {
            userRole.HasKey(ur => new { ur.UserId, ur.RoleId });

            userRole.HasOne(ur => ur.Role)
                .WithMany(r => r.UserRoles)
                .HasForeignKey(ur => ur.RoleId)
                .IsRequired();

            userRole.HasOne(ur => ur.User)
                .WithMany(r => r.UserRoles)
                .HasForeignKey(ur => ur.UserId)
                .IsRequired();
        });
    }
}

Startup

services.AddIdentity<ApplicationUser, ApplicationRole>(options => options.Stores.MaxLengthForKeys = 128)
            .AddEntityFrameworkStores<ApplicationDbContext>()
            .AddDefaultTokenProviders();

Finally, make sure when you're using it that you eagerly load the User's UserRoles, and then the UserRole's Role like so:

this.Users = userManager.Users.Include(u => u.UserRoles).ThenInclude(ur => ur.Role).ToList();

I had an issue where the Role property of each UserRole was null and this was resolved by adding in the .ThenInclude(ur => ur.Role) part.

Microsoft doc on multi-level eager loading: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/ef/core/querying/related-data#including-multiple-levels


Popular Answer

loops through user list and get user roles by calling _userManager.GetRolesAsync(user) function and loops through roles of user and split roles with "," in one string variable

[HttpPost]
    public async Task<IActionResult> OnPostGetPagination()
    {


        var users = await _userManager.Users.ToListAsync();
        InputModel inputModel = new InputModel();
        foreach (var v in users)
        {
            inputModel = new InputModel();
            var roles = await _userManager.GetRolesAsync(v);
            inputModel.Email = v.UserName;
            inputModel.role = "";
            foreach (var r in roles)
            {
                if (!inputModel.role.Contains(","))
                {
                    inputModel.role = r;
                }
                else
                {
                    inputModel.role = "," + r;
                }
            }
            Input2.Add(inputModel);
        }


    }

good luck



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Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
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Is this KB legal? Yes, learn why