Cannot access a disposed object Asp.net Identity Core

asp.net-core-2.0 asp.net-identity c# entity-framework-core

Question

I am getting this error

System.ObjectDisposedException
  HResult=0x80131622
  Message=Cannot access a disposed object. A common cause of this error is disposing a context that was resolved from dependency injection and then later trying to use the same context instance elsewhere in your application. This may occur if you are calling Dispose() on the context, or wrapping the context in a using statement. If you are using dependency injection, you should let the dependency injection container take care of disposing context instances.
  Source=Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore
  StackTrace:
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Internal.ConcurrencyDetector.AsyncDisposer.Dispose()
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Query.Internal.AsyncLinqOperatorProvider.ExceptionInterceptor`1.EnumeratorExceptionInterceptor.<MoveNext>d__5.MoveNext()
   at System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.ExceptionDispatchInfo.Throw()
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter`1.GetResult()
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Query.Internal.QueryCompiler.<ExecuteSingletonAsyncQuery>d__21`1.MoveNext()
   at System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.ExceptionDispatchInfo.Throw()
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter`1.GetResult()
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Identity.UserManager`1.<FindByNameAsync>d__78.MoveNext()
   at System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.ExceptionDispatchInfo.Throw()
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter`1.GetResult()
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Identity.UserValidator`1.<ValidateUserName>d__6.MoveNext()
   at System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.ExceptionDispatchInfo.Throw()
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Identity.UserValidator`1.<ValidateAsync>d__5.MoveNext()
   at System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.ExceptionDispatchInfo.Throw()
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter`1.GetResult()
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Identity.UserManager`1.<ValidateUserAsync>d__172.MoveNext()
   at System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.ExceptionDispatchInfo.Throw()
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter`1.GetResult()
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Identity.UserManager`1.<CreateAsync>d__74.MoveNext()
   at System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.ExceptionDispatchInfo.Throw()
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter`1.GetResult()
   at Microsoft.AspNetCore.Identity.UserManager`1.<CreateAsync>d__79.MoveNext()
   at System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.ExceptionDispatchInfo.Throw()
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter`1.GetResult()
   at EmployeeController.<Create>d__3.MoveNext() in Controllers\EmployeeController.cs:line 31

For the following code

public class EmployeeController : Controller
{
    private readonly UserManager<Employee> userManager;
    public EmployeeController(UserManager<Employee> userManager)
    {
        this.userManager = userManager;
    }

    public ActionResult<string> Get()
    {
        return "Test Employee";
    }

    [HttpPost("Create")]
    public async void Create([FromBody]string employee)
    {
        var user = new Employee { UserName = "test@gmail.com", Email = "test@gmail.com" };
        var d = await userManager.CreateAsync(user, "1234567");
    }
}

Startup.cs

public class Startup
{
    public Startup(IConfiguration configuration)
    {
        Configuration = configuration;
    }

    public IConfiguration Configuration { get; }

    // This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to add services to the container.
    public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
    {
        services.AddDbContext<ApplicationDbContext>(options =>
         options.UseSqlServer(Configuration.GetConnectionString("DefaultConnection")));

        services.AddIdentity<Employee, IdentityRole>(opts =>
       {
           opts.Password.RequireDigit = false;
           opts.Password.RequireLowercase = false;
           opts.Password.RequireUppercase = false;
           opts.Password.RequireNonAlphanumeric = false;
           opts.Password.RequiredLength = 7;
           opts.User.RequireUniqueEmail = true;

       }).AddEntityFrameworkStores<ApplicationDbContext>().AddDefaultTokenProviders();

        services.AddAuthentication(opts =>
        {
            opts.DefaultScheme = JwtBearerDefaults.AuthenticationScheme;
            opts.DefaultAuthenticateScheme = JwtBearerDefaults.AuthenticationScheme;
            opts.DefaultChallengeScheme = JwtBearerDefaults.AuthenticationScheme;
        }).AddJwtBearer(cfg =>
        {
            cfg.RequireHttpsMetadata = false;
            cfg.SaveToken = true;
            cfg.TokenValidationParameters = new TokenValidationParameters()
            {
                // standard configuration
                ValidIssuer = Configuration["Auth:Jwt:Issuer"],
                ValidAudience = Configuration["Auth:Jwt:Audience"],
                IssuerSigningKey = new SymmetricSecurityKey(
                Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(Configuration["Auth:Jwt:Key"])),
                ClockSkew = TimeSpan.Zero,

                // security switches
                RequireExpirationTime = true,
                ValidateIssuer = true,
                ValidateIssuerSigningKey = true,
                ValidateAudience = true
            };
        });


            services.AddMvc().SetCompatibilityVersion(CompatibilityVersion.Version_2_1);
    }

    // This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to configure the HTTP request pipeline.
    public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IHostingEnvironment env)
    {
        if (env.IsDevelopment())
        {
            app.UseDeveloperExceptionPage();
        }
        else
        {
            app.UseHsts();
        }

        app.UseHttpsRedirection();
        app.UseAuthentication();
        app.UseMvc();
    }
}

Do I need to register something into my DI? I was under the impression that AddEntityFrameworkStores<ApplicationDbContext>() would be enough.

1
8
5/22/2018 11:59:42 PM

Accepted Answer

You are an async void victim:

[HttpPost("Create")]
public async void Create([FromBody]string employee)
{
    var user = new Employee { UserName = "test@gmail.com", Email = "test@gmail.com" };
    var d = await userManager.CreateAsync(user, "1234567");
}

You are dispatching an asynchronous operation that is not being awaited, and the context will be disposed before the await context.SaveChangesAsync() in CreateAsync.

Fast, obvious solution:

[HttpPost("Create")]
public async Task Create([FromBody]string employee)
{
    var user = new Employee { UserName = "test@gmail.com", Email = "test@gmail.com" };
    var d = await userManager.CreateAsync(user, "1234567");
}

However, you should always return IActionResult from an Action. That makes it easier to change the response code as well as show your intent:

[HttpPost("Create")]
public async Task<IActionResult> Create([FromBody]string employee)
{
    var user = new Employee { UserName = "test@gmail.com", Email = "test@gmail.com" };
    var d = await userManager.CreateAsync(user, "1234567");

    if (d == IdentityResult.Success)
    {
        return Ok();
    }
    else 
    {
        return BadRequest(d);
    }
}
29
5/22/2018 11:56:38 PM


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