Entity Framework Core connect to MSSQL database over SSH tunnel

c# connection-string database-connection entity-framework-core sql-server

Question

I've seen a lot of posts asking similar questions, but none of which solved the issue I have.

My setup is as follows:

  • Remote host with database: reachable on 127.0.0.1:1433
  • SSH tunneling: L5000 -> 127.0.0.1:1433

When I enter the server name 127.0.0.1,5000 in the SQL Management Studio I can connect to the database I want.

If adjust my connection string accordingly and startup my application, I get the following exception:

Type       : SqlException
Message    : A network-related or instance-specific error occurred while establishing a connection to SQL Server. The server was not found or was not accessible. Verify that the instance name is correct and that SQL Server is configured to allow remote connections. (provider: Named Pipes Provider, error: 40 - Could not open a connection to SQL Server)
Source     : Core .Net SqlClient Data Provider
HResult    : -2146232060
TargetSite : .ctor
----- INNER EXCEPTION -----
Type       : Win32Exception
Message    : The system cannot find the file specified
HResult    : -2147467259

Since I can connect over the Management Studio, I assume the issue is with my connection string or something related to the Entity Framework Core. Here are some connection strings I've tested with:

Data Source=127.0.0.1,5000;Network Library=DBMSSOCN;Initial Catalog=Mux;Integrated Security=False;Persist Security Info=False;User ID=...;Password=...;MultipleActiveResultSets=True;Connect Timeout=5;Encrypt=True;TrustServerCertificate=True;Application Name=Mux;ConnectRetryCount=3;ConnectRetryInterval=5
Data Source=127.0.0.1;port=5000;Network Library=DBMSSOCN;Initial Catalog=Mux;Integrated Security=False;Persist Security Info=False;User ID=...;Password=...;MultipleActiveResultSets=True;Connect Timeout=5;Encrypt=True;TrustServerCertificate=True;Application Name=Mux;ConnectRetryCount=3;ConnectRetryInterval=5
Server=127.0.0.1;port=5000;Network Library=DBMSSOCN;Initial Catalog=Mux;Integrated Security=False;Persist Security Info=False;User ID=...;Password=...;MultipleActiveResultSets=True;Connect Timeout=5;Encrypt=True;TrustServerCertificate=True;Application Name=Mux;ConnectRetryCount=3;ConnectRetryInterval=5
Server=127.0.0.1,5000;Initial Catalog=Mux;Integrated Security=False;Persist Security Info=False;User ID=...;Password=...;MultipleActiveResultSets=True;Connect Timeout=5;Encrypt=True;TrustServerCertificate=True;Application Name=Mux;ConnectRetryCount=3;ConnectRetryInterval=5
Server=127.0.0.1;port=5000;Initial Catalog=Mux;Integrated Security=False;Persist Security Info=False;User ID=...;Password=...;MultipleActiveResultSets=True;Connect Timeout=5;Encrypt=True;TrustServerCertificate=True;Application Name=Mux;ConnectRetryCount=3;ConnectRetryInterval=5
Server=tcp,127.0.0.1,5000;Initial Catalog=Mux;Integrated Security=False;Persist Security Info=False;User ID=...;Password=...;MultipleActiveResultSets=True;Connect Timeout=5;Encrypt=True;TrustServerCertificate=True;Application Name=Mux;ConnectRetryCount=3;ConnectRetryInterval=5

Does anyone have an idea why this is?


Edit 1 I conducted some more tests; the SQL Server Profiler doesn't register any activity if I try to start my application.

Also, I tried the approach from this post .. using ... tcp: ... instead of ... tcp, ... .. this also didn't work.

I tried adding a DataSource in the Visual Studio - Test Connection: OK. I even copied the connection string displayed there, pasted it into my application, started it - didn't work. And just to have it said: yes, the application does indeed use the provided connection string.

Do Visual Studio and SQL Management Studio connect to the server in a special way that is different then by using a connection string?


Edit 2 Based on your comments I'd like to add the following information:

Project dependencies:

  • Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer v2.0.3
  • Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Tools v2.0.3
  • Microsoft.VisualStudio.Web.CodeGeneration.Design v2.0.4

The full log message:

Type       : SqlException
Message    : A network-related or instance-specific error occurred while establishing a connection to SQL Server. The server was not found or was not accessible. Verify that the instance name is correct and that SQL Server is configured to allow remote connections. (provider: Named Pipes Provider, error: 40 - Could not open a connection to SQL Server)
Source     : Core .Net SqlClient Data Provider
HResult    : -2146232060
TargetSite : .ctor
Stacktrace : at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlInternalConnectionTds..ctor(DbConnectionPoolIdentity identity, SqlConnectionString connectionOptions, Object providerInfo, Boolean redirectedUserInstance, SqlConnectionString userConnectionOptions, SessionData reconnectSessionData, Boolean applyTransientFaultHandling)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnectionFactory.CreateConnection(DbConnectionOptions options, DbConnectionPoolKey poolKey, Object poolGroupProviderInfo, DbConnectionPool pool, DbConnection owningConnection, DbConnectionOptions userOptions)
   at System.Data.ProviderBase.DbConnectionFactory.CreatePooledConnection(DbConnectionPool pool, DbConnection owningObject, DbConnectionOptions options, DbConnectionPoolKey poolKey, DbConnectionOptions userOptions)
   at System.Data.ProviderBase.DbConnectionPool.CreateObject(DbConnection owningObject, DbConnectionOptions userOptions, DbConnectionInternal oldConnection)
   at System.Data.ProviderBase.DbConnectionPool.UserCreateRequest(DbConnection owningObject, DbConnectionOptions userOptions, DbConnectionInternal oldConnection)
   at System.Data.ProviderBase.DbConnectionPool.TryGetConnection(DbConnection owningObject, UInt32 waitForMultipleObjectsTimeout, Boolean allowCreate, Boolean onlyOneCheckConnection, DbConnectionOptions userOptions, DbConnectionInternal& connection)
   at System.Data.ProviderBase.DbConnectionPool.TryGetConnection(DbConnection owningObject, TaskCompletionSource`1 retry, DbConnectionOptions userOptions, DbConnectionInternal& connection)
   at System.Data.ProviderBase.DbConnectionFactory.TryGetConnection(DbConnection owningConnection, TaskCompletionSource`1 retry, DbConnectionOptions userOptions, DbConnectionInternal oldConnection, DbConnectionInternal& connection)
   at System.Data.ProviderBase.DbConnectionInternal.TryOpenConnectionInternal(DbConnection outerConnection, DbConnectionFactory connectionFactory, TaskCompletionSource`1 retry, DbConnectionOptions userOptions)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection.TryOpen(TaskCompletionSource`1 retry)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection.Open()
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Storage.RelationalConnection.Open(Boolean errorsExpected)
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Storage.Internal.SqlServerDatabaseCreator.<>c__DisplayClass18_0.<Exists>b__0(DateTime giveUp)
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.ExecutionStrategyExtensions.<>c__DisplayClass12_0`2.<Execute>b__0(DbContext c, TState s)
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Storage.Internal.SqlServerExecutionStrategy.Execute[TState,TResult](TState state, Func`3 operation, Func`3 verifySucceeded)
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.ExecutionStrategyExtensions.Execute[TState,TResult](IExecutionStrategy strategy, Func`2 operation, Func`2 verifySucceeded, TState state)
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Migrations.HistoryRepository.Exists()
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Migrations.Internal.Migrator.Migrate(String targetMigration)
   at ch.wuerth.tobias.mux.Data.DataContextFactory.GetInstance()
   at ch.wuerth.tobias.mux.plugins.PluginMusicBrainz.PluginMusicBrainz.Process(String[] args) in C:\Users\Tobias\Desktop\dev\mux-cli\plugins\PluginMusicBrainz\PluginMusicBrainz.cs:line 136
   at ch.wuerth.tobias.mux.Core.plugin.PluginBase.Work(String[] args)
   at ch.wuerth.tobias.mux.App.Program..ctor(String[] args) in C:\Users\Tobias\Desktop\dev\mux-cli\App\Program.cs:line 47
Data :
 -> [HelpLink.ProdName, Microsoft SQL Server]
 -> [HelpLink.EvtSrc, MSSQLServer]
 -> [HelpLink.EvtID, 2]
 -> [HelpLink.BaseHelpUrl, http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink]
 -> [HelpLink.LinkId, 20476]
----- INNER EXCEPTION -----
Type       : Win32Exception
Message    : The system cannot find the file specified
HResult    : -2147467259

(the inner exception has no stacktrace because it must be undefined)

My DbContext initializes the connection string like this:

protected override void OnConfiguring(DbContextOptionsBuilder optionsBuilder)
{
    optionsBuilder.UseSqlServer("..my connection string..");
}

Edit 3 I highly assume by now that the issue must be with the initialization of the DbContext, how else would one explain the different behaviors of the MSSQL Studio and the application.

Also for the ones seeking some context: I'm developing this application. Besides my lokal development environment I have the production server where I deploy my master branch. On the production server is also a standalone database with the production data like one would expect. The issue I have is that my CLI for data manipulation (import, processing, ..) on the production server throws an exception which is caused by the data and I cannot reproduce the error on my development environment. Instead of trying to copy the whole database (which is several gigabytes) I thought I just try to connect to the production database from within my development environment. This would allow me to debug the exception and fix the issue. Maybe some one has an alternative idea on how I could debug my application with the live database?

1
11
5/14/2018 9:06:35 AM

Accepted Answer

Your error message contains:

(provider: Named Pipes Provider, error: 40 - Could not open a connection to SQL Server)

Have you opened "SQL Server Configuration Manager" and ensured that "Named Pipes" is Enabled? This setting is in 3 locations.

1
5/21/2018 12:59:29 PM

Popular Answer

You can try to add this connection string

"ConnectionStrings": {
   "DbConnection": "Data Source=tcp:127.0.0.1,5000\\DBMSSOCN;Initial Catalog=mdstsbase;Integrated Security=false;User ID=user;Password=password;Application Name=application name"
}


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