System.Data.SqlClient is not supported on this platform c# database-migration entity-framework-core sql-server


I'm using ASP.NET Core 2 with Entity Framework Core 2.0.2. I created a context and Add-Migrations command in Package Manager Controller works fine.

However when Update-Database command is used, I get an error:

System.Data.SqlClient is not supported on this platform

I can't figure out where the problem is. Can you help me? Thanks.

My .csproj file:

<Project Sdk="Microsoft.NET.Sdk.Web">


    <Folder Include="wwwroot\" />

    <PackageReference Include="Autofac.Extensions.DependencyInjection" Version="4.2.1" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.AspNetCore.All" Version="2.0.6" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore" Version="2.0.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Design" Version="2.0.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer" Version="2.0.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Tools" Version="2.0.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Swashbuckle.AspNetCore" Version="2.3.0" />

    <DotNetCliToolReference Include="Microsoft.VisualStudio.Web.CodeGeneration.Tools" Version="2.0.2" />
    <DotNetCliToolReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Tools.DotNet" Version="2.0.2" />

5/7/2018 10:56:35 PM

Accepted Answer

I ran into the same issue a couple of days ago - I'm not sure what the underlying issue is, but reverting some of the EntityFrameworkCore nuget packages back to 2.0.0 seems to have resolved the issue for me. These are the packages I downgraded:

<PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore" Version="2.0.0" />
<PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Design" Version="2.0.0" />
<PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer" Version="2.0.0" />
<PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Tools" Version="2.0.0" />
5/7/2018 10:56:54 PM

Popular Answer

Same problem here but for me it is a failure on the part of System.Data.SqlClient to load dynamically as part of a plugin. Our plugin dlls are loaded dynamically via Autofac and a controlling service selects the correct one at run time. Unfortunately System.Data.SqlClient will not load dynamically like this, result in the above error message. So I had to load it when the controlling service starts up. This is obviously not ideal but for now it is a usable workaround as all our plugins are still under our control.

I'll be more specific, following a question in comments.

A service selects plug-ins at run time. The plug-ins register their own dependencies via Autofac and if that dependency is a Nuget package they will also include the package as a normal Nuget dependency.

The controlling service registers the plug-in dlls on start up and the first time they are used the plug-in dependencies are also loaded. When System.Data.SqlClient load is attempted following a call to the plug-in that uses SqlClient the "not supported" error results.

Setting System.Data.SqlClient as a Nuget dependency in the controlling service works OK and the library is loaded correctly without error. However, this is not ideal because the the SqlClient library always has to be loaded by the controlling service even if the plug-in selected to run it does not need it.

In other words the SqlClient library is always loaded at service start up occupying resources, etc when it may not even be needed. But at least it works.

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