Does an equivalent to Database.CompatibleWithModel(bool) exist in EF Core

c# ef-code-first entity-framework entity-framework-core


I'm working on a project that uses EFCore 2.1.0-preview1-final code first approach. Like in EF6 (and previous versions) I want to ensure the compatibility of my DbContext (and models) to the database.

In EF6 it was enabled by default and it was possible to deactivate it with Database.CompatibleWithModel(false);. As far as I know EF uses the __MigrationHistory table where the model information was stored. EFCore has no such column in __EFMigrationsHistory table that could provide such information.

I cannot find any information about compatibility check in EFCore. But I want to ensure the compatibility, because after some tests it seems not to be enabled by default (or does exist). I tested it by adding and deleting some columns from database manually and executing the application after the modifications. I - against my expectation - received no exception.

Does anybody know how to achieve a compatibility check from model to database and vice versa like in EF6 for EFCore? Or could provide some helpful links for further information about it or why it doesn't exist in EFCore (because it is not necessary)?

3/13/2018 9:33:47 AM

Accepted Answer

I strongly advise against doing this since it uses internal components and is error-prone, but here's one way to do it.

using (var db = new MyDbContext())
    var reporter = new OperationReporter(handler: null);
    var designTimeServiceCollection = new ServiceCollection()
    new SqlServerDesignTimeServices().ConfigureDesignTimeServices(designTimeServiceCollection);

    var designTimeServices = designTimeServiceCollection.BuildServiceProvider();

    var databaseModelFactory = designTimeServices.GetService<IScaffoldingModelFactory>();
    var databaseModel = (Model)databaseModelFactory.Create(
        tables: new string[0],
        schemas: new string[0],
        useDatabaseNames: false);

    var currentModel = db.Model;

    // Fix up the database model. It was never intended to be used like this. ;-)
    foreach (var entityType in databaseModel.GetEntityTypes())
        if (entityType.Relational().Schema == databaseModel.Relational().DefaultSchema)
            entityType.Relational().Schema = null;
    databaseModel.Relational().DefaultSchema = null;
    databaseModel.SqlServer().ValueGenerationStrategy =
    // TODO: ...more fix up as needed

    var differ = db.GetService<IMigrationsModelDiffer>();

    if (differ.HasDifferences(databaseModel, currentModel))
        throw new Exception("The database and model are out-of-sync!");
3/13/2018 7:01:05 PM

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