EFCore nullable relationship setting onDelete: ReferentialAction.Restrict

ef-code-first ef-core-2.0 entity-framework entity-framework-core

Question

I'm running efcore 2.0.1.

I have a model:

public class BigAwesomeDinosaurWithTeeth
{
    [Key]
    [DatabaseGenerated(DatabaseGeneratedOption.Identity)]
    public Guid Id { get; set; }

    public ICollection<YummyPunyPrey> YummyPunyPrey { get; set; }
}
public class YummyPunyPrey
{
    [Key]
    [DatabaseGenerated(DatabaseGeneratedOption.Identity)]
    public Guid Id { get; set; }
    public Guid? BigAwesomeDinosaurWithTeethId { get; set; }

    [ForeignKey("BigAwesomeDinosaurWithTeethId")]
    public BigAwesomeDinosaurWithTeeth BigAwesomeDinosaurWithTeeth { get; set; }

}

I have no fluent api on these two classes. But when I generate a migration

constraints: table =>
            {
                table.PrimaryKey("PK_YummyPunyPrey", x => x.Id);
                table.ForeignKey(
                    name: "FK_YummyPunyPrey_BigAwesomeDinosaurWithTeeth_BigAwesomeDinosaurWithTeethId",
                    column: x => x.BigAwesomeDinosaurWithTeethId,
                    principalTable: "BigAwesomeDinosaurWithTeeth",
                    principalColumn: "Id",
                    onDelete: ReferentialAction.Restrict);
            });

Why is it generating onDelete: ReferentialAction.Restrict when the documentation says it should handle it as a ClientSetNull

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/ef/core/saving/cascade-delete

Behavior Name | Effect on dependent/child in memory | Effect on dependent/child in database

ClientSetNull (Default) | Foreign key properties are set to null | None

Changes in EF Core 2.0: In previous releases, Restrict would cause optional foreign key properties in tracked dependent entities to be set to null, and was the default delete behavior for optional relationships. In EF Core 2.0, the ClientSetNull was introduced to represent that behavior and became the default for optional relationships. The behavior of Restrict was adjusted to never have any side effects on dependent entities.

Any help as to why this is happening would be much appreciated.

1
13
4/11/2018 7:44:25 AM

Accepted Answer

EF Core 2.0.1 metadata and migrations use different enums for specifying the delete behavior - respectively DeleteBehavior and ReferentialAction. While the first is well documented, the second and the mapping between the two is not (at the time of writing).

Here is the current mapping:

DeleteBehavior    ReferentialAction
==============    =================
Cascade           Cascade
ClientSetNull     Restrict
Restrict          Restrict
SetNull           SetNull

In your case, the relationship is optional, hence the DeleteBehavior by convention is ClientSetNull which maps to onDelete: Restrict, or in other words, enforced (enabled) FK w/o cascade delete.

If you want different behavior, you have to use fluent API, e.g.

modelBuilder.Entity<BigAwesomeDinosaurWithTeeth>()
    .HasMany(e => e.YummyPunyPrey)
    .WithOne(e => e.BigAwesomeDinosaurWithTeeth)
    .OnDelete(DeleteBehavior.SetNull); // or whatever you like
21
1/30/2018 1:58:18 PM


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