Use IEntityTypeConfiguration with a base entity

asp.net-core c# ef-core-2.0 ef-fluent-api entity-framework-core

Question

In EF Core 2.0, we have the ability to derive from IEntityTypeConfiguration for cleaner Fluent API mappings (source).

How can I extend this pattern to utilize a base entity? In the example below, how can I have a BaseEntityConfiguration to reduce duplication in LanguageConfiguration and MaintainerConfiguration, modifying properties that are in the BaseEntity only in the BaseEntityConfiguration? What would such a BaseEntityConfiguration look like; and how would it be used, if at all, in OnModelCreating()? See the TODOs in-code near the end of the example.

Example:

public abstract class BaseEntity
{
    public long Id { get; set; }
    public DateTime CreatedDateUtc { get; set; }
    public DateTime? ModifiedDateUtc { get; set; }
}

public class Language : BaseEntity
{
    public string Iso6392 { get; set; }
    public string LocalName { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
}

public class Maintainer : BaseEntity
{
    public string Email { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
}

public class FilterListsDbContext : DbContext
{
    public FilterListsDbContext(DbContextOptions options) : base(options)
    {
    }

    public DbSet<Language> Languages { get; set; }
    public DbSet<Maintainer> Maintainers { get; set; }

    protected override void OnModelCreating(ModelBuilder modelBuilder)
    {
        //TODO: Possibly add something like BaseEntityConfiguration?
        modelBuilder.ApplyConfiguration(new LanguageConfiguration());
        modelBuilder.ApplyConfiguration(new MaintainerConfiguration());
    }
}

public class LanguageConfiguration : IEntityTypeConfiguration<Language>
{
    public void Configure(EntityTypeBuilder<Language> entityTypeBuilder)
    {
        //TODO: Move this to something like BaseEntityConfiguration?
        entityTypeBuilder.Property(b => b.CreatedDateUtc).HasDefaultValueSql("CURRENT_TIMESTAMP");
    }
}

public class MaintainerConfiguration : IEntityTypeConfiguration<Maintainer>
{
    public void Configure(EntityTypeBuilder<Maintainer> entityTypeBuilder)
    {
        //TODO: Move this to something like BaseEntityConfiguration?
        entityTypeBuilder.Property(b => b.CreatedDateUtc).HasDefaultValueSql("CURRENT_TIMESTAMP");
    }
}
1
10
11/16/2018 11:58:33 AM

Accepted Answer

Something like this could work (untested)?

public abstract class BaseEntityTypeConfiguration<TBase> : IEntityTypeConfiguration<TBase>
    where TBase : BaseEntity
{
    public virtual void Configure(EntityTypeBuilder<TBase> entityTypeBuilder)
    {
        //Base Configuration
    }
}

public class MaintainerConfiguration : BaseEntityTypeConfiguration<Maintainer>
{
    public override void Configure(EntityTypeBuilder<Maintainer> entityTypeBuilder)
    {
        entityTypeBuilder.Property(b => b.CreatedDateUtc).HasDefaultValueSql("CURRENT_TIMESTAMP");
        base.Configure(entityTypeBuilder);
    }
}
20
10/27/2017 4:20:49 PM

Popular Answer

Another approach if you dont want to repeat the column Definitions for all of your Models that inherit from the same base Entity like this:

protected override void OnModelCreating(ModelBuilder modelBuilder){
        modelBuilder.Entity<Order>()
            .Property(b => b.CreatedDateTime)
            .HasDefaultValueSql("CURRENT_TIMESTAMP ");

        modelBuilder.Entity<Adress>()
            .Property(b => b.CreatedDateTime)
            .HasDefaultValueSql("CURRENT_TIMESTAMP ");
        // …

}

is to find all the Entites that inhert from the base Entity, loop over them and call the generic Method as shown below, in which the redundant Logic is placed:

protected override void OnModelCreating(ModelBuilder modelBuilder){
    foreach (Type type in GetEntityTypes(typeof(BaseEntity))){
        var method = SetGlobalQueryMethod.MakeGenericMethod(type);
        method.Invoke(this, new object[] { modelBuilder });
    }
}

static readonly MethodInfo SetGlobalQueryMethod = typeof(/*your*/Context)
    .GetMethods(BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance)
    .Single(t => t.IsGenericMethod && t.Name == "SetGlobalQuery");

public void SetGlobalQuery<T>(ModelBuilder builder) where T : BaseEntity{
    builder.Entity<T>().Property(o => o.CreatedDateTime).HasDefaultValueSql("CURRENT_TIMESTAMP");
    // Additional Statements
}

For the "GetEntityTypes" Method you need the Nuget Package „Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyModel“

private static IList<Type> _entityTypeCache;
private static IList<Type> GetEntityTypes(Type type)
{
    if (_entityTypeCache != null && _entityTypeCache.First().BaseType == type)
    {
        return _entityTypeCache.ToList();
    }

    _entityTypeCache = (from a in GetReferencingAssemblies()
                        from t in a.DefinedTypes
                        where t.BaseType == type
                        select t.AsType()).ToList();

    return _entityTypeCache;
}

private static IEnumerable<Assembly> GetReferencingAssemblies()
{
    var assemblies = new List<Assembly>();
    var dependencies = DependencyContext.Default.RuntimeLibraries;

    foreach (var library in dependencies)
    {
        try
        {
            var assembly = Assembly.Load(new AssemblyName(library.Name));
            assemblies.Add(assembly);
        }
        catch (FileNotFoundException)
        { }
    }
    return assemblies;
}

Its a bit hacky in my opinion, but works fine for me!

The source with more details:

https://www.codingame.com/playgrounds/5514/multi-tenant-asp-net-core-4---applying-tenant-rules-to-all-enitites



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