How can I achieve SQL CASE statement from LINQ

c# entity-framework-core linq sql

Question

I am new to LINQ and I would like to know if I can achieve the below SQL query from LINQ?

I am using Entity Framework Core.

SELECT 0 [All], [Range] =
    CASE  
        WHEN Value BETWEEN 0 AND 25 THEN 'Low' 
        WHEN Value BETWEEN 25 AND 75 THEN 'Medium' 
        WHEN Value BETWEEN 75 AND 90 THEN 'High' 
        WHEN Value BETWEEN 90 AND 100 THEN 'Very High' 
    END 
FROM Result.Calculation C 
    INNER JOIN Data.SampleSet S ON C.SampleSetID = S.ID  
WHERE  S.SampleDrawn >= DATEADD(MONTH,-3,GETDATE()) AND S.Department = 'LOCATION A'

Currently, I am using FromSql as below to call a stored procedure. I would like to know whether I can do the same without using stored procedures?

var result = context.MyData.FromSql("data.GetMyData @pType = {0}, @pLocation = {1}, @pNoOfDays = {2}, @pStartDate = {3}, @pEndDate = {4}", type, location, noOfDays, startDate, endDate).ToList();

Thanks.

1
3
10/4/2017 11:00:10 AM

Accepted Answer

You can use this if it suits you. I would just explain the LINQ query part. You can use this with EF. I created dummy data for these. For EF, use IQueryable instead.

// from a row in first table
// join a row in second table
// on a.Criteria equal to b.Criteria
// where additional conditions
// select the records into these two fields called All and Range
// Convert the result set to list.
var query = (from a in lstCalc
join b in lstSampleSet
on a.SampleSetID equals b.ID where b.SampleDrawn >= DateTime.Now.AddMonths(-8)
&& b.Department == "Location A"
select new { All = 0, Range = Utilities.RangeProvider(a.Value) }).ToList();

EDIT : LINQ Query for grouped result.. Make sure you are using IQueryable.

 var query = (from a in lstCalc
  join b in lstSampleSet
  on a.SampleSetID equals b.ID where b.SampleDrawn >= DateTime.Now.AddMonths(-8) 
   && b.Department == "Location A"
    group a by Utilities.RangeProvider(a.Value) into groupedData
     select new Result { All = groupedData.Sum(y => y.Value), Range = 
   groupedData.Key }).ToList();

Here is the code for the same.

 public class Program
    {
        public static void Main(string[] args) {
            List<Calculation> lstCalc = new List<Calculation>();
            lstCalc.Add(new Calculation() {SampleSetID=1, Value=10 });
            lstCalc.Add(new Calculation() { SampleSetID = 1, Value = 10 });
            lstCalc.Add(new Calculation() { SampleSetID = 2, Value = 20 });
            lstCalc.Add(new Calculation() { SampleSetID = 3, Value = 30 });
            lstCalc.Add(new Calculation() { SampleSetID = 4, Value = 40 });
            lstCalc.Add(new Calculation() { SampleSetID = 5, Value = 50 });
            lstCalc.Add(new Calculation() { SampleSetID = 6, Value = 60 });
            lstCalc.Add(new Calculation() { SampleSetID = 7, Value = 70 });
            lstCalc.Add(new Calculation() { SampleSetID = 8, Value = 80 });
            lstCalc.Add(new Calculation() { SampleSetID = 9, Value = 90 });

            List<SampleSet> lstSampleSet = new List<SampleSet>();
            lstSampleSet.Add(new SampleSet() {Department = "Location A", ID=1, SampleDrawn=DateTime.Now.AddMonths(-5)});
            lstSampleSet.Add(new SampleSet() { Department = "Location A", ID = 2, SampleDrawn = DateTime.Now.AddMonths(-4) });
            lstSampleSet.Add(new SampleSet() { Department = "Location A", ID = 3, SampleDrawn = DateTime.Now.AddMonths(-3) });
            lstSampleSet.Add(new SampleSet() { Department = "Location A", ID = 4, SampleDrawn = DateTime.Now.AddMonths(-2) });
            lstSampleSet.Add(new SampleSet() { Department = "Location A", ID = 5, SampleDrawn = DateTime.Now.AddMonths(-2) });
            lstSampleSet.Add(new SampleSet() { Department = "Location A", ID = 6, SampleDrawn = DateTime.Now.AddMonths(-2) });
            lstSampleSet.Add(new SampleSet() { Department = "Location A", ID = 7, SampleDrawn = DateTime.Now.AddMonths(-1) });

            var query = (from a in lstCalc
                        join b in lstSampleSet
                        on a.SampleSetID equals b.ID where b.SampleDrawn >= DateTime.Now.AddMonths(-8)
                         && b.Department == "Location A"
                        select new { All = 0, Range = Utilities.RangeProvider(a.Value) }).ToList();

            Console.WriteLine(query.Count);
            Console.ReadLine();

        }


    }

        public class Utilities
        {
            public static string RangeProvider(int value)
            {
                if (value > 0 && value <= 25)
                { return "Low"; }
                if (value > 25 && value <= 75)
                { return "Medium"; }
                if (value > 75 && value <= 90)
                { return "High"; }
                else
                { return "Very High"; }
            }

        }

    public class Result {
      public int All { get; set; }
      public string Range { get; set; }
   }

    public class Calculation
    {
        public int SampleSetID { get; set; }
        public int Value { get; set; }

    }

    public class SampleSet
    {
        public int ID { get; set; }
        public DateTime SampleDrawn { get; set; }

        public string Department { get; set; }

    }
1
10/4/2017 10:02:23 AM

Popular Answer

You can use this.

from C in Calculations
join S in SampleSets on C.SampleSetID equals S.ID 
where S.SampleDrawn >= DateTime.Now.AddMonths(-3)
      && S.Department == "LOCATION A"
select new {
    All = 1 
    , Range = 
        (C.Value >= 0 && C.Value < 25) ? "Low" :
        (C.Value >= 25 && C.Value < 75) ? "Medium" :
        (C.Value >= 75 && C.Value < 90) ? "High" :
        (C.Value >= 90 && C.Value <= 100) ? "Very High" : null
}


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