Entity Framework Core - .Net Core - Getting DbContext when resolving a singleton

asp.net-core c# entity-framework-core

Question

Within ConfigureServices I have

services.AddDbContext<MyContext>(options => options.UseSqlServer(Configuration.GetConnectionString("DefaultConnection")));

as well as

services.AddSingleton<IMyModel>(s =>
{
    var dbContext = s.GetService<MyContext>();
    var lastItem= dbContext.Items.LastOrDefault();
    return new MyModel(lastItem);
});

But s.GetService<MyContext>() throws an error:

Cannot resolve scoped service 'MyContext' from root provider.

How can I achieve that? I don't want to inject MyDbContext in MyModel contructor as it is in a library which should have no reason to know about Entity Framework.

1
3
12/4/2018 11:45:31 AM

Accepted Answer

AddDbContext defaults to using a scoped lifestyle:

Scoped lifetime services (AddScoped) are created once per client request (connection).

The reason an error is being thrown is that you're attempting to obtain an instance of MyContext from outside of a request. As the error message suggests, it is not possible to obtain a scoped service from the root IServiceProvider.

For your purposes, you can create a scope explicitly and use that for your dependency resolution, like so:

services.AddSingleton<IMyModel>(sp =>
{
    using (var scope = sp.CreateScope())
    {
        var dbContext = scope.ServiceProvider.GetService<MyContext>();
        var lastItem = dbContext.Items.LastOrDefault();
        return new MyModel(lastItem);
    }
});    

This code above creates a scoped IServiceProvider that can be used for obtaining scoped services.

11
11/8/2019 12:37:20 PM


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