Entity Framework Core commands is not recognized in Nuget PM

asp.net-core c# entity-framework entity-framework-core orm

Question

We are using EF6 and EF Core in the project at the same time. I have migration which was created by other team member. I want to Update database using next command:

EntityFrameworkCore\Update-Database

But the next error is occured:

EntityFrameworkCore\Update-Database : The module 'EntityFrameworkCore' could not be loaded. For more information, run 'Import-Module EntityFrameworkCore'.
At line:1 char:1
+ EntityFrameworkCore\Update-Database
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    + CategoryInfo          : ObjectNotFound: (EntityFrameworkCore\Update-Database:String) [], CommandNotFoundException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : CouldNotAutoLoadModule

It writing, that the EF Core module could not be loaded, but it in the project packages folder, i checked it.

Import-Module EntityFrameworkCore command executing result:

Import-Module : The specified module 'EntityFrameworkCore' was not loaded because no valid module file was found in any module directory.
At line:1 char:1
+ Import-Module EntityFrameworkCore
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    + CategoryInfo          : ResourceUnavailable: (EntityFrameworkCore:String) [Import-Module], FileNotFoundException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : Modules_ModuleNotFound,Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.ImportModuleCommand

I dont understand why i cant using it now, and why NPM can not fine EF Core module.

This packages in csproj file are mentioned:

<ItemGroup>
    <PackageReference Include="AutoMapper" Version="6.1.1" />
    <PackageReference Include="EntityFramework" Version="6.1.3" />
    <PackageReference Include="IdentityServer4" Version="1.5.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="IdentityServer4.AccessTokenValidation" Version="1.2.1" />
    <PackageReference Include="IdentityServer4.AspNetIdentity" Version="1.0.1" />
    <PackageReference Include="IdentityServer4.EntityFramework" Version="1.0.1" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.ApplicationInsights.AspNetCore" Version="2.1.1" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.AspNetCore" Version="1.1.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.AspNetCore.Authentication" Version="1.1.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.AspNetCore.Identity" Version="1.1.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.AspNetCore.Identity.EntityFrameworkCore" Version="1.1.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc" Version="1.1.3" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore" Version="1.1.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Design" Version="1.1.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Relational" Version="1.1.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Relational.Design" Version="1.1.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer" Version="1.1.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Tools" Version="1.1.1" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration" Version="1.1.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration.EnvironmentVariables" Version="1.1.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration.Json" Version="1.1.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection" Version="1.1.1" />
    <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.Extensions.Logging.Debug" Version="1.1.2" />
    <PackageReference Include="System.Linq.Dynamic" Version="1.0.7" />
  </ItemGroup>

Can somebody tell me, what i am doing wrong? Update-Database without EntityFrameworkCore prefix is recognized. .Net Framework 4.6.2

1
2
6/12/2018 2:19:06 AM

Accepted Answer

I had the same issue and I had to change the way of working. I wrote this recipe to my mates, I hope it helps you:

"

1st.- HOW TO ADD A MIGRATION:

Go to the project folder and type:
dotnet ef migrations add [NameOFYourMigrationGoesHere] -c YourContext

NOTE: Don't forget to add created files to source control, that's not done auto-magically

2nd.- HOW TO UPDATE YOUR DB's: 2.a.- In docker -> You can run the project (entirely with Docker) and the migration would be applied at the first Context usage. note: (It will use the configured connection string for that environment)

2.b.- Your Local DB -> Edit the Connection String hardcoded in ConfigurationContext.OnConfigure and run:

dotnet ef database update --context ConfigurationContext

STEPS TO REPLICATE THIS FROM SCRATCH:

Migration Commands has changed a lot in .Net Core I recommend to visit: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/ef/core/miscellaneous/cli/dotnet

1st.- You must add these lines to the .csproj:

<ItemGroup>
    <DotNetCliToolReference Include="Microsoft.VisualStudio.Web.CodeGeneration.Tools" Version="1.0.1" />
    <DotNetCliToolReference Include="Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Tools.DotNet" Version="1.0.1" />
</ItemGroup>

Note: Version might change

2nd.- Create a Context in your project like this:

public class YourContext : DbContext { #region Constructors

public YourContext()
{
}

public YourContext(DbContextOptions options) : base(options)
{

}

#endregion Constructors

#region DbSets
#endregion DbSets

#region OnConfiguring
protected override void OnConfiguring(DbContextOptionsBuilder options)
{
    // In order to be able to create migrations and update database:
    if (!options.IsConfigured)
    {
        options.UseSqlServer("YourLocalConnectionStringShouldBeHere");
    }
    base.OnConfiguring(options);
}
#endregion

#region Model Creating

protected override void OnModelCreating(ModelBuilder modelBuilder)
{
   // Your Model Crerating Stuff
}

#endregion Model Creating

}

3rd.- Why not to create an "Initial" Migration according to steps above??

Happy coding!

"

I hope it helps you.

Juan

EDIT:

In addition, the real issue here is that there are different EF "flavours". Just go to EF root documentation and see the differences:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/ef/

EF 6 migrations commands: https://dzone.com/articles/ef-migrations-command

EF Core migrations commands: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/aspnet/core/data/ef-mvc/migrations

Now my answer seems complete to me. I hope this saved you time guys.

2
8/20/2017 5:19:26 PM


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