How to query many-to-many releationship in EF Core

asp.net-core asp.net-mvc c# entity-framework entity-framework-core

Question

I'm using .NET Core and EF Core for a web project. I'm struggling how to query a many-to-many releationship. This is what my models look like:

public class Begrip
{
    public int ID { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; } 
    public string Desc { get; set; }
    [Url]
    public string URL { get; set; } 
    public ICollection<BegripCategory> Categories { get; set; } 
}

public class Category
{
    public int ID { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; } 
    public ICollection<BegripCategory> Begrippen { get; set; }
}

public class BegripCategory
{
    public int begripId { get; set; }
    public Begrip begrip { get; set; } 
    public int categoryId { get; set; }
    public Category category { get; set; } 
}

And my Database context:

public class PBBContext : DbContext
{
    public PBBContext (DbContextOptions<PBBContext> options)
        : base(options)
    {
    }

    public DbSet<PBB.Models.Movie> Movie { get; set; }
    public DbSet<PBB.Models.Begrip> Begrip { get; set; } 
    public DbSet<PBB.Models.Category> Category { get; set; } 
    public DbSet<PBB.Models.BegripCategory> BegripCategory { get; set; }

    protected override void OnModelCreating(ModelBuilder modelbuilder)
    {
        modelbuilder.Entity<BegripCategory>().HasKey(bc => new { bc.begripId, bc.categoryId });

        modelbuilder.Entity<BegripCategory>().HasOne(b => b.begrip).WithMany(bg => bg.Categories).HasForeignKey(bc => bc.begripId);
        modelbuilder.Entity<BegripCategory>().HasOne(c => c.category).WithMany(ca => ca.Begrippen).HasForeignKey(cc => cc.categoryId);
    }
}

What im trying to do is to return all the "Begrippen" in a JSON result with all the corresponding "Categories", however, I can't figure out how to get the list of "Categories" for them.

Any ideas? Thanks in advance.

1
14
6/12/2017 1:40:37 PM

Accepted Answer

EF Core won't load related properties automatically, so you'll need to explicitly do this, but something like the following should do the trick:

var result = context.Begrip
    .Include(x => x.Categories)
    .ThenInclude(x => x.category);

Note, intellisense doesn't always work on .ThenInclude at the moment, but the code should still compile even if it gets a red underline.

If you're returning this to the view or an API, you'll likely want to map it to a DTO so you don't have to deal with .Categories[0].category.Name etc.

25
6/12/2017 1:37:36 PM

Popular Answer

If you need to filter a Many-to-Many relationship describe below I recomend to use a LinQ Enumerable Any method like this:

return result.Where(x => x.Categories.Any(c => c.category == categoryId));

To return a filtered list of entities related by a specific category.

EntityFrameworkCore Relationship query example



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