Design of abstract generic DbContext class in EF Core

c# entity-framework entity-framework-core generics


I'm having trouble implementing an abstract generic base class, using EF Core. It's probably something obvious, but I'm not seeing it.

base class:

public abstract class AContext<TUser> : IdentityDbContext<TUser> 
  where TUser : IdentityUser {

    public AContext(DbContextOptions<AContext<TUser>> options, ILogger<AContext<TUser>> logger) 
      : base(options) {



public class Context : AContext<User> {

    public Context(DbContextOptions<Context> options, ILogger<Context> logger)
      : base(options, logger) {   // problem is here with "options"


Error: Cannot convert from 'DbContextOptions<Context>' to 'DbContextOptions<AContext<User>>'.

I tried casting but that doesn't work. Is the problem due to it not being covariant? Can I redesign it somehow?

1/5/2017 11:22:22 AM

Accepted Answer

A DbContextOptions<Context> is not assignable to DbContextOptions<AContext<TUser>>. The reason is that there could be internal write operations to objects of type T, which for DbContextOptions<Context> would be Context. DbContextOptions<AContext<TUser>> can not provide that, because it's T is an AContext<TUser>.

Covariance is not an answer for you, since co- and contravariance is only available for interfaces, not for classes.

If you change the parameter type in your constructor from DbContextOptions<Context> to DbContextOptions<AContext<User>>, everything should work fine.

1/5/2017 11:41:34 AM

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