How to inject DbContext instance in the ConfigureServices method of startup.cs correctly (ASP.net core 1.1)?

asp.net-core c# dependency-injection entity-framework-core

Question

I have implemented the EntityFrameworkFileProvider for my ASP.NET core web application, I want the ViewDbContext instance to be injected by ASP.NET core DI framework in the constructor:

(ViewDbContext is a dbContext)

public class EntityFrameworkFileProvider : IFileProvider
{
    private ViewDbContext _context;

    public EntityFrameworkFileProvider(ViewDbContext context)
    { 
       /* should be injected by asp.net core DI */
        _context = context;
    }
    public IDirectoryContents GetDirectoryContents(string subpath)
    {
        .....
    }

    public IFileInfo GetFileInfo(string subpath)
    {
        var result = new DatabaseFileInfo(_context, subpath);
        return result.Exists ? result as IFileInfo : new NotFoundFileInfo(subpath);
    }

    public IChangeToken Watch(string filter)
    {
        return new DatabaseChangeToken(_context, filter);
    }
}

Now I add the EntityFrameworkFileProvider to RazorViewEngineOption in startup.cs How to make the ViewDbContext instance to be automatically injected by DI framework in the ConfigureServices method of startup.cs? how should i call the EntityFrameworkFileProvider constructor correctly?

In Startup.cs

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
      /* Add  EntityFrameworkFileProvider to Razor engine */
      services.Configure<RazorViewEngineOptions>(opts =>
      {
          opts.FileProviders.Add(new EntityFrameworkFileProvider(null?));
      });

      services.AddMvc();
}
1
4
1/1/2017 6:58:19 AM

Accepted Answer

i think i have found the solution! any idea?

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
     services.AddDbContext<ViewDbContext>(options => 
       options.UseSqlServer(Configuration.GetConnectionString("DefaultConnection")));
    ...
     /* Add  EntityFrameworkFileProvider to Razor engine */       
     var context = services.BuildServiceProvider()
                       .GetService<ViewDbContext>();

     services.Configure<RazorViewEngineOptions>(opts =>
     {
         opts.FileProviders.Add(new EntityFrameworkFileProvider(context));
     });

     services.AddMvc();
}
10
12/31/2016 8:54:22 PM

Popular Answer

A better approach would be to inject the context in Configure method and use it it there

public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IWebHostEnvironment env, ViewDbContext context)
{
     services.AddDbContext<ViewDbContext>(options => 
       options.UseSqlServer(Configuration.GetConnectionString("DefaultConnection")));
    ...
     /* Add  EntityFrameworkFileProvider to Razor engine */       
     /* Use db context here*/

     services.Configure<RazorViewEngineOptions>(opts =>
     {
         opts.FileProviders.Add(new EntityFrameworkFileProvider(context));
     });

     services.AddMvc();
}


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