core Identity "The INSERT statement conflicted with the FOREIGN KEY constraint " c# entity-framework-core seeding


I create ASP.NET CORE application with ASP.NET CORE Identity. I create seed class for saving new users and roles for first startup application. Inside this seed class I get following error when I add Role To User.

The INSERT statement conflicted with the FOREIGN KEY constraint "FK_AspNetUserRoles_AspNetUsers_UserId". The conflict occurred in database "DB_A14695_Elvinm", table "dbo.AspNetUsers", column 'Id'. The statement has been terminated.

I used following class for Identity

public class ApplicationUser : IdentityUser
    public int Type { get; set; }
    public int Flags { get; set; }
    public DateTime CreatedDate { get; set; }
    public DateTime LastModifiedDate { get; set; }

And my seed class

 public class DbSeeder
    #region Private Members
    private RvMusicalDbContext DbContext;
    private RoleManager<IdentityRole> RoleManager;
    private UserManager<ApplicationUser> UserManager;
    #endregion Private Members

    #region Constructor
    public DbSeeder(RvMusicalDbContext dbContext, RoleManager<IdentityRole> roleManager, UserManager<ApplicationUser> userManager)
        DbContext = dbContext;
        RoleManager = roleManager;
        UserManager = userManager;
    #endregion Constructor

    #region Public Methods
    public async Task SeedAsync()
        // Create the Db if it doesn’t exist
        // Create default Users
        if (await DbContext.Users.CountAsync() == 0) await CreateUsersAsync();
    #endregion Public Methods

    #region Seed Methods
    private async Task CreateUsersAsync()
        // local variables
        DateTime createdDate = new DateTime(2016, 03, 01, 12, 30, 00);
        DateTime lastModifiedDate = DateTime.Now;
        string role_Administrators = "Administrators";
        string role_Registered = "Registered";

        //Create Roles (if they doesn't exist yet)
        if (!await RoleManager.RoleExistsAsync(role_Administrators)) await RoleManager.CreateAsync(new IdentityRole(role_Administrators));
        if (!await RoleManager.RoleExistsAsync(role_Registered)) await RoleManager.CreateAsync(new IdentityRole(role_Registered));

        // Create the "Admin" ApplicationUser account (if it doesn't exist already)
        var user_Admin = new ApplicationUser()
            UserName = "Admin",
            Email = "",
            CreatedDate = createdDate,
            LastModifiedDate = lastModifiedDate,
            Flags = 0,
            Type = 0

        // Insert "Admin" into the Database and also assign the "Administrator" role to him.
        if (await UserManager.FindByIdAsync(user_Admin.Id) == null)
            await UserManager.CreateAsync(user_Admin, "Pass4Admin");
            /// ERROR OCCURED HERE
            await UserManager.AddToRoleAsync(user_Admin, role_Administrators);
            // Remove Lockout and E-Mail confirmation.
            user_Admin.EmailConfirmed = true;
            user_Admin.LockoutEnabled = false;

    #endregion Seed Methods


I want to say that roles saved database successfully.

Please help to solve problem.

12/22/2016 10:12:54 AM

Accepted Answer

Check the output of UserManager.CreateAsync call right before the error. I'm guessing your user doesn't get persisted so the next call fails with an FK issue.

If you are using the default identity password requirements (like I was when I tried it) you get a password validation error result from the user creation call.

enter image description here

12/22/2016 12:41:29 PM

Popular Answer

Should you be ensuring the user admin has an ID

if (await UserManager.FindByIdAsync(user_Admin.Id) == null)

should be

if (await UserManager.FindByIdAsync(user_Admin.Id) != null)

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