Entity Framework Core add unique constraint code-first

c# entity-framework entity-framework-core

Question

I can't find way to add a unique constraint to my field with using attribute:

public class User
{
    [Required]
    public int Id { get; set; }

    [Required]
    // [Index("IX_FirstAndSecond", 2, IsUnique = true)] not supported by core
    public string Email { get; set; }

    [Required]
    public string Password { get; set; }
}

I'm using these packages:

 "Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore": "1.0.1",
 "Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer": "1.0.1",
 "Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer.Design": "1.0.1",
 "Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Tools": "1.0.0-preview2-final",
1
134
9/19/2019 12:05:53 PM

Accepted Answer

On EF core you cannot create Indexes using data annotations.But you can do it using the Fluent API.

Like this inside your {Db}Context.cs:

protected override void OnModelCreating(ModelBuilder builder)
{
    builder.Entity<User>()
        .HasIndex(u => u.Email)
        .IsUnique();
}

...or if you're using the overload with the buildAction:

protected override void OnModelCreating(ModelBuilder builder)
{
    builder.Entity<User>(entity => {
        entity.HasIndex(e => e.Email).IsUnique();
    });
}

You can read more about it here : Indexes

269
2/11/2019 8:56:40 AM

Popular Answer

Also if you want to create Unique constrains on multiple columns you can simply do this (following @Sampath's link)

class MyContext : DbContext
{
    public DbSet<Person> People { get; set; }

    protected override void OnModelCreating(ModelBuilder modelBuilder)
    {
        modelBuilder.Entity<Person>()
            .HasIndex(p => new { p.FirstName, p.LastName })
            .IsUnique(true);
    }
}

public class Person
{
    public int PersonId { get; set; }
    public string FirstName { get; set; }
    public string LastName { get; set; }
}


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