Cannot provide password in Connection String for SQLite

c# entity-framework entity-framework-core sqlite


I use SQLite with Entity Framework.

I create the DB with following code:

class MyContext : DbContext
    // DbSets, OnModelCreating(), etc.

    protected override void OnConfiguring(DbContextOptionsBuilder optionsBuilder)
        optionsBuilder.UseSqlite("Data Source=c:\\test.db");

//this is in my test method
 using (var db = new MyContext())

The above code works. The DB gets created. But I want to encrypt the DB by providing password in connection string:

optionsBuilder.UseSqlite("Data Source=c:\\test.db;Password=mypassword");

In this case, after EnsureCreated is called, I get exception

An unhandled exception of type 'System.ArgumentException' occurred in System.Data.dll Additional information: Keyword not supported: 'password'.

What is wrong with using password? How can I encrypt that SQLite database?

6/16/2016 2:19:51 PM

Accepted Answer

According to this answer Protect SQLite database used by EntityFramework Core Application

EF Core uses Microsoft.Data.Sqlite, which does not currently support encryption out-of-box. See You could add encryption yourself using SQLite extensions.

At the GitHub link provided there were other links to an alternative at

Encryption in Microsoft.Data.Sqlite

5/23/2017 12:10:25 PM

Popular Answer

The "pure", open source sqlite3.dll does not support encryption. There are other implementations, including licenced and unlicensed. For my solution I have used rindeal/SQLite3-Encryption project from GitHub

My solution:

  1. Download compiled binaries
  2. Copy sqlite3.dll to BIN folder
    • add the DLL to project in Visual Studio
    • set Copy to Output Directory - Copy always
  3. Use this code in context's constructor:

    string password;
    var connection = Database.GetDbConnection();
    using (var command = connection.CreateCommand())
        command.CommandText = $"PRAGMA key='{password}';";

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