Working with SQL views in Entity Framework Core

c# entity-framework entity-framework-core

Question

For example, I have such model:

public class Blog
{
    public int BlogId { get; set; }
    public string Url { get; set; }

    public BlogImage BlogImage { get; set; }
}

public class BlogImage
{
    public int BlogImageId { get; set; }
    public byte[] Image { get; set; }
    public string Caption { get; set; }

    public int BlogId { get; set; }
    public Blog Blog { get; set; }
} 

I want to return in ImageView view Url and Image.

Where do I need to create and define that SQL view?

1
49
1/30/2017 11:08:49 PM

Accepted Answer

In Entity Framework Core 2.1 we can use Query Types as Yuriy N suggested.

A more detailed article on how to use them can be found here

The most straight forward approach according to the article's examples would be:

1.We have for example the following entity Models to manage publications

public class Magazine
{
  public int MagazineId { get; set; }
  public string Name { get; set; }
  public string Publisher { get; set; }
  public List<Article> Articles { get; set; }
}

public class Article
{
  public int ArticleId { get; set; }
  public string Title { get; set; }
  public int MagazineId { get; set; }
  public DateTime PublishDate { get;  set; }
  public Author Author { get; set; }
  public int AuthorId { get; set; }
}
public class Author
{
  public int AuthorId { get; set; }
  public string Name { get; set; }
  public List<Article> Articles { get; set; }
}

2.We have a view called AuthorArticleCounts, defined to return the name and number of articles an author has written

SELECT
  a.AuthorName,
  Count(r.ArticleId) as ArticleCount
from Authors a
  JOIN Articles r on r.AuthorId = a.AuthorId
GROUP BY a.AuthorName

3.We go and create a model to be used for the View

public class AuthorArticleCount
{
  public string AuthorName { get; private set; }
  public int ArticleCount { get; private set; }
}

4.We create after that a DbQuery property in my DbContext to consume the view results inside the Model

public DbQuery<AuthorArticleCount> AuthorArticleCounts{get;set;}

4.1. You might need to override OnModelCreating() and set up the View especially if you have different view name than your Class.

protected override void OnModelCreating(ModelBuilder modelBuilder)
{
    modelBuilder.Query<AuthorArticleCount>().ToView("AuthorArticleCount");
}

5.Finally we can easily get the results of the View like this.

var results=_context.AuthorArticleCounts.ToList();

UPDATE According to ssougnez's comment

It's worth noting that DbQuery won't be/is not supported anymore in EF Core 3.0. See here

65
11/6/2019 5:07:52 PM

Popular Answer

Views are not currently supported by Entity Framework Core. See https://github.com/aspnet/EntityFramework/issues/827.

That said, you can trick EF into using a view by mapping your entity to the view as if it were a table. This approach comes with limitations. e.g. you can't use migrations, you need to manually specific a key for EF to use, and some queries may not work correctly. To get around this last part, you can write SQL queries by hand

context.Images.FromSql("SELECT * FROM dbo.ImageView")


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