ADO.NET provider with invariant name 'System.Data.SqlClient;' cannot be found (Entity Framework MVC)

.net asp.net asp.net-mvc entity-framework entity-framework-6

Question

I cannot seem to resolve what appears to be a common issue with Entity Framework 6. I have reviewed the many topics related to this issue on SO, and am unable to find a solution that works for my particular case.

I have up until this point been developing using localdb with code first migrations, which worked fine. But now that I am moving this to a actual SQL server instance it throws the following error while attempting migrations:

"The ADO.NET provider with invariant name 'System.Data.SqlClient;' is either not registered in the machine or application config file, or could not be loaded. See the inner exception for details. at System.Data.Common.DbProviderFactories.GetFactory(String providerInvariantName)"

I have attempted the following fixes:

1) Uninstalled and Reinstalled Entity Framework

2) Added the code and used :

public abstract class BaseDomainContext : DbContext
{
    static BaseDomainContext()
    {
        // ROLA - This is a hack to ensure that Entity Framework SQL Provider is copied across to the output folder.
        // As it is installed in the GAC, Copy Local does not work. It is required for probing.
        // Fixed "Provider not loaded" error
        var ensureDLLIsCopied = System.Data.Entity.SqlServer.SqlProviderServices.Instance;
    }
}

as the base class for my DbSet classes.

3) Added everything to a fresh solution and received the same error.

4) Removed the writecontext and tried migrations with just read, still failed.

5) Attempted several rewrites using information from MSDN

6) I have confirmed that EntityFramework.SqlServer.dll is in my bin directory. It is also referenced properly. Plus I have only one project under my solution.

7) Confirmed I am not using the WebConfig under views.

8) Confirmed I have System.Data dll in bin folder.

Image of bin folder

Clean/Rebuilding and deletion of existing migrations folder done after each of the above steps.

I am at a loss to explain why I still am receiving this error.

Web Config

    <section name="entityFramework" type="System.Data.Entity.Internal.ConfigFile.EntityFrameworkSection, EntityFramework, Version=6.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089" requirePermission="false" />
  <!-- For more information on Entity Framework configuration, visit http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=237468 --></configSections>
  <appSettings>
    <add key="webpages:Version" value="3.0.0.0" />
    <add key="webpages:Enabled" value="false" />
    <add key="ClientValidationEnabled" value="true" />
    <add key="UnobtrusiveJavaScriptEnabled" value="true" />
  </appSettings>
  <connectionStrings>

    <add name="ReadContext" connectionString="Server=Sql2014intsnace;Database=database;User Id=secret; Password=secret;" providerName="System.Data.SqlClient;" />
    <add name="WriteContext" connectionString="Server=Sql2014intsnace;Database=database;User Id=secret; Password=secret;" providerName="System.Data.SqlClient;" />
  </connectionStrings>
  <system.web>
    <compilation debug="true" targetFramework="4.5" />
    <httpRuntime targetFramework="4.5" />
    <authentication mode="Windows" />
    <authorization>
      <deny users="?" />
    </authorization>
  </system.web>
  <system.webServer>
    <handlers>
      <remove name="ExtensionlessUrlHandler-Integrated-4.0" />
      <remove name="OPTIONSVerbHandler" />
      <remove name="TRACEVerbHandler" />
      <add name="ExtensionlessUrlHandler-Integrated-4.0" path="*." verb="*" type="System.Web.Handlers.TransferRequestHandler" preCondition="integratedMode,runtimeVersionv4.0" />
    </handlers>
  </system.webServer>
  <runtime>
    <assemblyBinding xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v1">
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="Microsoft.Owin" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="1.0.0.0-3.0.0.0" newVersion="3.0.0.0" />
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="Microsoft.Owin.Security.OAuth" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="1.0.0.0-3.0.0.0" newVersion="3.0.0.0" />
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="Microsoft.Owin.Security.Cookies" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="1.0.0.0-3.0.0.0" newVersion="3.0.0.0" />
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="Microsoft.Owin.Security" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="1.0.0.0-3.0.0.0" newVersion="3.0.0.0" />
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="Newtonsoft.Json" culture="neutral" publicKeyToken="30ad4fe6b2a6aeed" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-6.0.0.0" newVersion="6.0.0.0" />
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="System.Web.Helpers" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="1.0.0.0-3.0.0.0" newVersion="3.0.0.0" />
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="System.Web.Mvc" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-5.2.2.0" newVersion="5.2.2.0" />
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="System.Web.Optimization" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="1.0.0.0-1.1.0.0" newVersion="1.1.0.0" />
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="System.Web.WebPages" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-3.0.0.0" newVersion="3.0.0.0" />
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="WebGrease" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-1.5.2.14234" newVersion="1.5.2.14234" />
      </dependentAssembly>
    </assemblyBinding>
  </runtime>
  <entityFramework>
    <defaultConnectionFactory type="System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.SqlConnectionFactory, EntityFramework" />    
    <providers>
      <provider invariantName="System.Data.SqlClient" type="System.Data.Entity.SqlServer.SqlProviderServices, EntityFramework.SqlServer" />
    </providers>
    <contexts> 
  <context type="ProjectName.Models.ReadContext, ProjectName"> 
    <databaseInitializer type="System.Data.Entity.MigrateDatabaseToLatestVersion`2[[ProjectName.Models.ReadContext, ProjectName], [ProjectName.Migrations.Configuration, ProjectName]], EntityFramework" /> 
  </context> 
</contexts>
  </entityFramework>
</configuration>
1
4
9/5/2015 6:54:59 PM

Accepted Answer

You have this:

<add name="ReadContext" 
     connectionString="Server=Sql2014intsnace;Database=database;User Id=secret; Password=secret;" 
     providerName="System.Data.SqlClient;" /> <-- semi-colon

It should be this:

<add name="ReadContext" 
     connectionString="Server=Sql2014intsnace;Database=database;User Id=secret; Password=secret;" 
     providerName="System.Data.SqlClient" /> <-- no semi-colon

Otherwise, you're telling ADO to find a provider named System.Data.SqlClient; - there isn't one.

13
9/5/2015 7:17:10 PM

Popular Answer

I got this error but for me, it was something entirely different. I was able to solve it by looking at only Unable to find the requested .Net Framework Data Provider and finding this answer.

I then had to edit:

C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319\Config\machine.config

And:

C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319\Config\machine.config

Searching for DbProviderFactories both configs looked like this:

<system.data>
    <DbProviderFactories>
        <add name="IBM DB2 for i .NET Provider" invariant="IBM.Data.DB2.iSeries" description=".NET Framework Data Provider for IBM i" type="IBM.Data.DB2.iSeries.iDB2Factory, IBM.Data.DB2.iSeries, Version=12.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=9cdb2ebfb1f93a26" />
    </DbProviderFactories>
    <DbProviderFactories />
</system.data>

When I removed the trailing <DbProviderFactories /> everything started working again.



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