Is it possible to set a unique constraint using Entity Framework Code First? entity-framework entity-framework-5 entity-framework-6


I want to enforce Unique constraint in a table & I am using Entity Framework Code-First.

Is it possible to add a unique constraint using EF 6 as i believe in earlier versions it was not possible.

11/10/2014 6:10:17 AM

Accepted Answer

It appears that the unique constraint feature that was scheduled to release with Version 6 got pushed to 6.1.

With EF 6.1, you can define a constraint using the Index attribute as shown below:

[Index("IX_FirstAndSecond", 1, IsUnique = true)]
public int FirstColumn { get; set; }

[Index("IX_FirstAndSecond", 2, IsUnique = true)]
public int SecondColumn { get; set; }


You can use Fluent API as shown here in MSDN

11/10/2014 6:20:18 AM

Popular Answer

Let's say that you want to add the Unique constraint on only one attribute, you can do as following, starting from EF6.1

[Index(IsUnique = true)]
public string Username { get; set; }

If you have multiple fields that are related to the same index then you are going to use:

Multiple-Column Indexes

Indexes that span multiple columns are specified by using the same name in multiple Index annotations for a given table. When you create multi-column indexes, you need to specify an order for the columns in the index. For example, the following code creates a multi-column index on Rating and BlogId called IX_BlogAndRating. BlogId is the first column in the index and Rating is the second.

public class Post 
    public int Id { get; set; } 
    public string Title { get; set; } 
    public string Content { get; set; } 
    [Index("IX_BlogIdAndRating", 2)] 
    public int Rating { get; set; } 
    [Index("IX_BlogIdAndRating", 1)] 
    public int BlogId { get; set; } 

Please refer to this link for further information.

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